Exit Strategies and Programmes

December 17, 2021

Designing Rehabilitation and Reintegration Programmes for Violent Extremist Offenders

Specifically, the policy brief makes an argument for a Realist approach as developed by Pawson and Tilley , which is concerned with the identification of policies’ underlying causal mechanisms and the way in which they function across contexts. In other words, a Realist approach aims to move beyond assessing ´whether the programme works´ to ´why the programme (sometimes) works’ and ‘why it works differently in different environments’, in order to identify what can be done to maximise the chances of success. 
December 17, 2021

Communicating with Radicalised Individuals in an Exit Setting

This manual aims to help and inspire exit work practitioners in their communication with (former) extremists, based on the expertise of experienced professionals. Not all suggestions provided will apply to every single exit process or facility.
December 16, 2021

Rehabilitation Work with Convicted Offenders Outside of Prison

This paper builds on lessons learned in the EU context, and it is useful for first-line practitioners providing probation and community sanctions and measures (CSMs) services, as well as exit workers and community.
December 15, 2021

Preventing Radicalisation to Terrorism and Violent Extremism: Approaches and Practices

In recent years, the processes of radicalisation leading to violent extremism have greatly evolved. The variety of ideologies that provide inspiration for extremist groups is growing and include religious inspired extremism, left wing, anarchist and right wing ideologies as well as nationalist and separatist ideologies. Extremists are also no longer acting only as part of organised, hierarchical organisations but also within smaller cells and sometimes as lone wolves.
December 15, 2021

Prison and Probation Interventions

This complex situation is reflected in prison and probation environments: practitioners have a responsibility to keep prisons – and the public domain – safe from terrorist activity, and must also deal with individuals at risk of radicalisation. Based on practitioners’ experiences collated in the P&P Practitioners' Working Paper ( 2 ), RAN P&P has developed an approach to prison and probation interventions.
December 15, 2021

The Role of Religion in Exit Programmes and Religious Counselling in Prison and Probation Settings

This paper will focus on: 1. Target groups; 2. Existing good practices in Member States; 3. Reintegration into society. It aims to provide guidelines for those practitioners who are working with or considering involving religion in these settings, as well as obstacles and difficulties this might entail.
December 15, 2021

Minimum methodological requirements for exit interventions

This paper is not intended to be a comprehensive blueprint on how to shape a deradicalisation programme. This would be impossible given the different legislation and infrastructures within the EU Member States. Even within Member States there is huge variety between different fields in which deradicalisation work is done (for example in a prison or youth centre setting). Participants also differ when it comes to ideology, gender and degree of radicalisation, which makes one-size-fits-all solutions impossible. Finally, the acceptance level for radical thoughts is fluent and varied within the general public, media and political debate.
December 15, 2021

Exit Programmes and Interventions in Prison and Probation

This ex-post paper reflects the main points discussed during the meeting: 1. What is a programme/project/intervention? 2. What distinguishes an exit programme and intervention from other general and specific programmes and interventions? 3. How do we do exit work after release or in probation? 4. How do we evaluate success of exit programmes with extremist offenders?
December 13, 2021

Prison Radicalisation in County Jails: Disrupting Terrorist Acts Through Information Sharing

This thesis examines the programs in the federal Bureau of Prisons, the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, and the Los Angeles County jail system. Data from these entities was collected and examined for “smart practices” that could be employed in county jails. Recommendations are made that will assist county jail personnel with developing a program to ensure the timely, accurate, and lawful reporting of radicalization efforts that may take place in their facilities.
December 13, 2021

Structural Quality Standards for Work to Intervene and Counter Violent Extremism

With this handbook the Counter Extremism Network Coordination Unit (KPEBW) in the Ministry for Interior Affairs, Digitalisation and Integration of the state of Baden-Württemberg in cooperation with the German Institute on Radicalization and De-Radicalization Studies (GIRDS) would like to present a recommendation for 5 minimum structural standards both to an audience of counter-extremism actors and to other state coordination units or policymaker.
December 10, 2021

Challenges in Assessing the Effectiveness of De-radicalisation Programs

This article presents an overview of the results of a one-year pilot study of select de-radicalization programs and investigates critical issues surrounding assessment of their effectiveness and outcomes
December 9, 2021

The Relation Between Extremism and Hooliganism

Measures for the prevention of hooliganism can be of value for P/CVE, and vice versa. However, extremists within hooligan and ultra groups constitute a specific group, calling for a tailor-made approach. Such made-tomeasure approaches for dealing with extremism among hooligans and ultras are still novel in Europe, and should receive more attention from both policymakers and P/CVE practitioners.
December 7, 2021

Exit Programmes for Female Jihadists

Exit programmes to deradicalize, disengage, reintegrate or rehabilitate are often part of a broader programme to prevent and counter violent extremism (CVE). Little is known about the effectiveness of such exit programmes, in particular in relation to female violent extremism. Drawing on municipal exit programmes in the Netherlands as a case study, the article researches how realistic evaluation can be used to measure the effectiveness of exit programmes.
December 7, 2021

Countering VE:A realistic review of what works

This article applies the realist review method to CVE studies, which synthesizes the existing CVE literature and helps us gain insight into relevant contexts, mechanisms, and outcomes for CVE. Realist reviews help to develop and shape more effective policy and contribute to further CVE theory development.
December 7, 2021

Addressing Violent Extremism in Prisons and Probation

This policy brief focuses on a particular program, the Healthy Identity Intervention, which was specifically designed to prevent extremist offenders from reoffending and was based on general whatworks principles.
December 7, 2021

Rehabilitation for Foreign Fighters?

This Policy Brief aims to inform the current debate on integrating rehabilitation into the overall approach to foreign fighters by highlighting the challenges and opportunities within the criminal justice sector response to the phenomenon.
December 2, 2021

Turning way from terrorism

Significant promise for moving beyond the existing push/pull fraamework is found in Rusbult and colleagues' investment model from psychology and Ebaugh's research on voluntary role exit from sociology
December 2, 2021

Approaches to P/CVE in Prison and Probation

Adams, T. This paper presents the practitioners' perspective, aiming to be of value for other practitioners in the field. It provides an overview of the principal findings emerging in the context of radicalisation, focusing on the prison and probation settings.