Gender Specifities

December 17, 2021

Online Extremism

The review concludes by considering the emergent literature on how violent extremism is being countered online, touching on both defensive and offensive measures.
December 17, 2021

Rehabilitation Manual

This manual offers guidance to first line practitioners regarding the rehabilitation of radicalised and terrorist offenders inside as well as outside of prison.
December 17, 2021

Belgian and Dutch Converts Joining the Islamic State

This Research Note sketched a more complex picture of converts joining IS than the one presented by the media.
December 16, 2021

Handbook on the Management of Violent Extremist Prisoners and the Prevention of Radicalisation to Violence in Prisons

The focus of this Handbook is on adult male and female violent extremist prisoners. The specific issue of children alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having committed violent extremist offences will be dealt with in a separate UNODC publication, recognizing the different legal regime applicable to children deprived of their liberty. Collective disengagement from violent extremism is also not covered in this Handbook, as its focus is on the individual prisoner and interventions aimed at individual disengagement from violence.
December 16, 2021

Rehabilitation Work with Convicted Offenders Outside of Prison

This paper builds on lessons learned in the EU context, and it is useful for first-line practitioners providing probation and community sanctions and measures (CSMs) services, as well as exit workers and community.
December 16, 2021

Islamist Extremism: A Practical Introduction

This factbook provides an overview of the fundamental elements of violent Islamist extremism to enable recognition of its symbols, vocabulary, recruitment tactics and narratives used in various settings, including online, in our schools, local communities, or prisons. There are multiple manifestations of violent Islamist extremism across the EU. Because of the national and local variations, it is impossible to provide an all-including in-depth study of the phenomenon. This factbook focuses specifically on Salafi-jihadism.
December 15, 2021

Preventing Radicalisation to Terrorism and Violent Extremism: Approaches and Practices

In recent years, the processes of radicalisation leading to violent extremism have greatly evolved. The variety of ideologies that provide inspiration for extremist groups is growing and include religious inspired extremism, left wing, anarchist and right wing ideologies as well as nationalist and separatist ideologies. Extremists are also no longer acting only as part of organised, hierarchical organisations but also within smaller cells and sometimes as lone wolves.
December 15, 2021

Confederation of European Probation

This ex post paper reflects the discussions that took place during the meeting, and especially during the smaller group discussions organised to foster interaction between participants.
December 15, 2021

Minimum methodological requirements for exit interventions

This paper is not intended to be a comprehensive blueprint on how to shape a deradicalisation programme. This would be impossible given the different legislation and infrastructures within the EU Member States. Even within Member States there is huge variety between different fields in which deradicalisation work is done (for example in a prison or youth centre setting). Participants also differ when it comes to ideology, gender and degree of radicalisation, which makes one-size-fits-all solutions impossible. Finally, the acceptance level for radical thoughts is fluent and varied within the general public, media and political debate.
December 14, 2021

Islamophobia and Xenophobia in Slovenia

Our research, therefore, attempts to first identify Islamophobia and xenophobia through theoretical discourse as the fear of the "other" − that is, the fear towards Muslims (Islamophobia) or towards the foreigners (xenophobia)
December 14, 2021

Home Grown Terrorism and Islamist Radicalisation in Europe

An assessment of the factors influencing violent Islamist extremism and suggestions for counter radicalisation measures.
December 14, 2021

Grassroots and Inhibitors on Radicalisation In North Macedonia

The paper aims to examine and provide deeper analysis of the current situation and most significant grassroot initiatives, which will be used as the basis for recommendations for improvement.
December 14, 2021

Role of Women in Preventing Radicalization and Violent Extremism

The aim of this paper is to inform the reader about the role of women in countering violent extremism and radicalization leading to terrorism (VERLT)
December 14, 2021

Preventing Radicalisation in Prisons

The following is a summary of proceedings setting out some of the key issues that emerged during the wide-ranging discussion, looking at some of the international practice that was shared during the meeting and concluding with some practical recommendations for future action.
December 14, 2021

Non-custodial Rehabilitation and Reintegration in P/CVE: A Guidebook

While recognizing the need to develop tailored, context- and conflict-sensitive approaches to the challenge, the guide identifies a series of principles that should underpin all non-custodial R&R efforts
December 13, 2021

Preventing Radicalisation: A Systematic Review

The ICPC study involves three key components that assist in preventing radicalization: pluralist and harmonious social integration, greater emphasis on more refined, non-combative debate, and diversified discourse that is truly inclusive.
December 13, 2021

Violent Extremism in The Western Balkans: Literature Review

This review will be also of interest to the international donor community who would be interested in funding research projects on violent extremism in the Western Balkans. This review aims to also map out new avenues of research, and it does so by identifying gaps that remain in current literature, as well as some shortcomings in existing research.
December 13, 2021

Citizens Perceptions on the New Threats of Violent Extremism In Kosovo

This report consists of data analysis on perceptions regarding threat of violent extremism and trust towards stakeholders involved in prevention of this phenomena. It is divided in three main sessions: the first focuses on general perceptions about violent extremism and other forms of extremism such as: ethnically motivated violence, political violence and religiously motivated violence; the second outlines the perceptions towards risks and threats of returned fighters, and community willingness to accept former fighters and women/minors; the last session focuses on the perceptions towards stakeholders involved in implementation of the CVE strategy.
December 10, 2021

Countering the Myths of IS: How to Counter The IS Narrative Online

Based on a comprehensive analysis of the threats of extremist groups in social media, our research addresses three main narratives: (I) political narratives (ideological and against state institutions) (II) religious narratives (III) gender roles narratives. The report studies the Albanianlanguage propaganda purported by IS in a bid to target audiences in Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia, all three countries where Albanian is an official language.
December 10, 2021

Women in Violent Extremism

Historically, women have been victims to a much greater degree than perprators of violence. The situation is gradually changing in the context of globalization and new security challenges. Recently, we have been witnessing an increase of women involvement in violent extremist organisations including participation in foreign conflicts. These organisations – often united around a common political or religious ideology – represents one of the many emerging complex threats to international peace and security. In order to create an effective response to this problem, it is initially important to depict why women increasingly join violent extremists organizations and what is their role within the groups. Research and experience to date have shown that women can enable, support, be victims of, counteract and prevent violent extremism. Their roles and experiences are not monochromatic but rather diverse and shaped by context, community and history.1 Women, albeit portrayed as passive agents, have been participating in recent terrorist organizations more frequently and in many different ways. Women have been participating in terrorist organizations as caretakers and care providers, they have been promoting violent extremist ideologies and have been recruiting other women to join violent extremist groups. Furthermore, there are sources implying that in some cases women have taken up weapons and are fighting in the ground.2 The purpose of this research is to shed light on the women from Kosovo who participate in violent extremists organizations and potential consequences deriving from their role. While the report will be solely focused on Kosovo, it will bring international knowledge in treating this phenomenon having in mind that Kosovo marks no general exception when compared to other countries. The goal is to particularly identify who these women are, why would they participate in these conflicts, and what is their role.
December 7, 2021

Exit Programmes for Female Jihadists

Exit programmes to deradicalize, disengage, reintegrate or rehabilitate are often part of a broader programme to prevent and counter violent extremism (CVE). Little is known about the effectiveness of such exit programmes, in particular in relation to female violent extremism. Drawing on municipal exit programmes in the Netherlands as a case study, the article researches how realistic evaluation can be used to measure the effectiveness of exit programmes.
December 7, 2021

Social Network and sentiment annalysis to explore online radicalisation

In this paper we presented an analysis of online social network content in the context of jihadi radicalisation
December 7, 2021

Radicalisation and Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans

The report is a literature review of radicalisation and violent extremism in the Balkans, including terminology, drivers, narratives, the foreign fighter phenomenon and gender aspects.
December 7, 2021

Bulgaria’s National Approaches to Extremism

The types of radicalisation discussed in this report are Islamist and far-right. They vary significantly in terms of spread, manifestations, organisation and number of individuals involved, as well as the popular attention.
December 7, 2021

European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report

The EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2021 provides figures on terrorist attacks and terrorism-related arrests in the European Union (EU) in 2020. It is based predominantly on information officially contributed to Europol by EU Member States.
December 7, 2021

Increasing self-esteem and Empathy to Prevent Violent Radicalization

These results suggest that an intervention aimed at empowering individuals in combination with strengthening empathy is successful in countering violent radicalization.
December 2, 2021

Approaches to P/CVE in Prison and Probation

Adams, T. This paper presents the practitioners' perspective, aiming to be of value for other practitioners in the field. It provides an overview of the principal findings emerging in the context of radicalisation, focusing on the prison and probation settings.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK