Best & promising practices

December 17, 2021

Enhancing Penintentiary Capacities in Adressing Radicalisation in Prison in the Western Balkans

The project's overall aim is to contribute to regional security by addressing radicalisation in prisons and disengaging violent extremist prisoners from violence.
December 17, 2021

Counter-Speech Practices in Europe

We conclude with a brief summary, suggestions as to how this comparative framework could be expanded for future use, and a set of five recommendations for counter-speech activists and practitioners.
December 17, 2021

Approaches to Violent Extremist Offenders and Countering Radicalisation

The paper is structured around these two contexts. While in practice this distinction may not exist in some EU Member States, it serves to identify key issues: prison conditions and reintegration strategies, risk assessment, prison regime choices, rehabilitation and reintegration initiatives, and staff training.
December 17, 2021

Rehabilitation Manual

This manual offers guidance to first line practitioners regarding the rehabilitation of radicalised and terrorist offenders inside as well as outside of prison.
December 17, 2021

The EU and other Stakeholders’ Prevention Strategies Towards VE in Albania

This policy paper focuses on the aptness of the EU and other stakeholders’ prevention strategies towards violent extremism in Albania.
December 17, 2021

Dealing with Non-Violent Right-Wing Extremist Actors

his overview paper focuses on right-wing extremism (RWE) and freedom of expression. It provides advices from first-line practitioners on how to deal with and respond to extremists publicly expressing their ideologies in a nonviolent, but still potentially harmful, way. It also delves into the matter of how practitioners can protect themselves against potential backlash and threats of violence from extremist organisations or movements.
December 17, 2021

Communicating with Radicalised Individuals in an Exit Setting

This manual aims to help and inspire exit work practitioners in their communication with (former) extremists, based on the expertise of experienced professionals. Not all suggestions provided will apply to every single exit process or facility.
December 17, 2021

A Review of the Federal Bureau of Prisons’ Selection of Muslim Religious Services Providers

This report describes the Office of the Inspector General’s (OIG) review of the Federal Bureau of Prisons’ (BOP) policies and procedures for the selection of individuals who provide Islamic religious services to federal inmates.
December 16, 2021

Handbook on the Management of Violent Extremist Prisoners and the Prevention of Radicalisation to Violence in Prisons

The focus of this Handbook is on adult male and female violent extremist prisoners. The specific issue of children alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having committed violent extremist offences will be dealt with in a separate UNODC publication, recognizing the different legal regime applicable to children deprived of their liberty. Collective disengagement from violent extremism is also not covered in this Handbook, as its focus is on the individual prisoner and interventions aimed at individual disengagement from violence.
December 16, 2021

Handbook on Dynamic Security and Prison Intelligence

This Handbook is one of a series of tools developed by UNODC to support countries in the implementation of the rule of law and the development of criminal justice reform. It is designed to be used by all actors involved in the prison system, including policymakers, legislators, prison managers, prison intelligence officers and prison staff. Members of other law enforcement bodies, non-governmental organizations and other individuals interested or active in the field of criminal justice and prison reform may find it of interest.
December 16, 2021

Countering Violent Extremism in Macedonia

In view of these realities, this policy brief proposes four recommendations, based on a broader, more holistic grassroots approach, which would assist the Republic of Macedonia in moving away from a “whole-of-government” strategy to a “whole-of-society” strategy which includes all stakeholders in the CVE.
December 16, 2021

Community Perspectives on the Prevention of Violent Extremism in Macedonia

Using the data collected during the fieldwork exercise, the report aims to determine what makes each aforementioned municipality more or less affected by violent radicalisation.
December 16, 2021

The Gamification of Violent Extremism & Lessons for P/CVE

After providing a brief introduction to gamification as such, this paper provides an overview of the use of gamification within extremist communities and the mechanisms by which it makes propaganda more attractive. Then, the potential for gamification in the P/CVE context is considered.
December 16, 2021

Extremists’ Use of Gaming platforms

The first part of the paper discusses how traditional gaming (adjacent) platforms have contributed to extremist activities.
December 16, 2021

Risk Assessment and the Prevention of Radicalization from Nonviolence Into Terrorism

This article considers the challenges associated with completing risk assessments in countering violent extremism.
December 16, 2021

Reporting about Violent Extremism and P/CVE Challenges for Journalists

This paper will address some of the most relevant challenges by introducing key insights and recommendations on how to follow a “do no harm” approach when informing the public, and particularly when reporting about violence. The role of civil society organisations working on P/CVE will also be highlighted.
December 16, 2021

Rehabilitation Work with Convicted Offenders Outside of Prison

This paper builds on lessons learned in the EU context, and it is useful for first-line practitioners providing probation and community sanctions and measures (CSMs) services, as well as exit workers and community.
December 16, 2021

The Impact of Conspiracy Narratives on Violent RWE and LWE Narratives

The aim of the RAN Communication and Narratives Working Group (C&N) meeting held on 24 and 25 November 2020 was to explore this topic with practitioners, industry representatives and experts. During the first day of the meeting, practitioners and experts discussed emerging conspiracy narrative trends, and how these intersect with extremism. Participants offered practical insights on how to engage with individuals who either believe in conspiracy narratives or are prone to them. On the second day, participants analysed the Great Replacement and QAnon through the lens of the GAMMMA+ model and provided pragmatic recommendations to practitioners on how to counter conspiracy narratives. This paper summarises the discussions, highlights key points and recommends practical next steps
December 15, 2021

Incels: A First Scan of the Phenomenon (in the EU) and its Relevance and Challenges for P/CVE

This paper intends to demystify key tenets of the incel ideology and its relationship to violence, outline key challenges for practitioners in prevention and countering of violent extremism (P/CVE) in reaching this community, and offer recommendations for intervention providers and practitioners to increase and improve work related to this phenomenon.
December 15, 2021

Video Gaming: Threats and Opportunities

This paper first discusses the threats regarding grooming tactics on video gaming and video gaming adjacent platforms by providing background information on different models of grooming that were shared during the meeting. The similarities and differences found between grooming for radicalisation purposes and other purposes (in particular, child sexual abuse and cults) are discussed. T
December 15, 2021

Preventing Radicalisation to Terrorism and Violent Extremism: Approaches and Practices

In recent years, the processes of radicalisation leading to violent extremism have greatly evolved. The variety of ideologies that provide inspiration for extremist groups is growing and include religious inspired extremism, left wing, anarchist and right wing ideologies as well as nationalist and separatist ideologies. Extremists are also no longer acting only as part of organised, hierarchical organisations but also within smaller cells and sometimes as lone wolves.
December 15, 2021

Local Communications for Returning FTFs

The paper is written for local (preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE)) coordinators and communications experts who are or will be dealing with returning FTFs and who wish to improve their communication strategy in this context.
December 15, 2021

Galvanising Youth in Combatting Online Disinformation

he following conclusion paper presents the outcomes of this meeting. The challenges and experiences of young people, as well as the young people’s perspectives on opportunities and strategies to counter disinformation, can be found under ‘Highlights of the discussion’. The second part of this paper offers actionable recommendations for practitioners who want to engage young people in strategies for combatting disinformation online
December 15, 2021

Understanding The Mental Health Disorders Pathway Leading to Violent Extremism

This paper identifies risk factors that make these people vulnerable to violent extremism, as well as ways that professionals can assess protective factors which may contribute to safeguarding them.
December 15, 2021

Prison and Probation Interventions

This complex situation is reflected in prison and probation environments: practitioners have a responsibility to keep prisons – and the public domain – safe from terrorist activity, and must also deal with individuals at risk of radicalisation. Based on practitioners’ experiences collated in the P&P Practitioners' Working Paper ( 2 ), RAN P&P has developed an approach to prison and probation interventions.
December 15, 2021

Delivering Counter and Alternative Narratives

The overall objectives of delivering CN or AN are likely to be uniform across actors: to deter individual(s) or group(s) from violent extremism through supporting alternatives or challenging narratives. More specific goals will vary according to different actors’ positions in society.
December 15, 2021

Common P/CVE Challenges in the Western Balkans and European Union

This ex post paper summarises the recommendations and best practices drawn from the meeting. This document is intended for policymakers and practitioners who want to better understand the needs and goals of others and who wish to improve mutual cooperation at all levels. The exchange of best practices from the Western Balkan and EU countries could better prepare both regions to tackle any threats and challenges they may face.
December 15, 2021

The Role of Religion in Exit Programmes and Religious Counselling in Prison and Probation Settings

This paper will focus on: 1. Target groups; 2. Existing good practices in Member States; 3. Reintegration into society. It aims to provide guidelines for those practitioners who are working with or considering involving religion in these settings, as well as obstacles and difficulties this might entail.
December 15, 2021

Confederation of European Probation

This ex post paper reflects the discussions that took place during the meeting, and especially during the smaller group discussions organised to foster interaction between participants.
December 15, 2021

Multi-agency cooperation

This ex-post paper will present the main points discussed during the meeting, on the basis of the presentations of the three national approaches (described in detail in annex 1-3). The complexity of the topic has fostered interaction between participants on many aspects of multi-agency cooperation. As introduced in the ex-ante paper, a number of questions were leading during the meeting which will be addressed throughout this ex-post paper.
December 15, 2021

R2PRIS: Methodological Framework

This report was developed by the partnership of R2PRIS Radicalisation Prevention in Prisons (2015-1-PT01-KA204-013062) project with the aim of presenting its first deliverable: the R2PRIS Methodological Framework.
December 14, 2021

National Hubs Supporting Local Actors in P/CVE

Setting the course from a local perspective this paper will aim at identifying different models of how nationallevel actors can support local actors in their P/CVE efforts. Based on an exploration of practical work and existing cases, this paper will provide an overview of different good practices, models and/or approaches of national hubs supporting local P/CVE actors in Europe. In doing so, the paper will give a structured compilation of the different needs, lessons learned and experiences from existing models of national support hubs.
December 14, 2021

Radicalisation Research – Gap Analysis

This paper presents an overview of these research gaps as they have been outlined in the literature, in particular in the individual research papers on the RAN focus areas; as they have been voiced by practitioners and academics during the first RAN research seminar held between 12-13 April, 2016, in Vienna, Austria; and as communicated by WG leaders and the RAN Editorial Board in their feedback to this paper. It proceeds with describing research gaps that have been noted in all focus areas, followed by gaps which are specific to certain areas.
December 14, 2021

Radicalised and Terrorist Offenders Released From Prison: Community and family acceptance

This paper summarises and aims to disseminate existing findings, and adds to the literature by pinpointing and elaborating more in depth on specific issues and by establishing links to the broader literature on rehabilitation and reintegration
December 14, 2021

Foreign Fighters and Kosovo’s Diaspora: The case of Germany

This paper aims to provide some groundwork for research on the radicalisation of immigrants, by investigating why some Kosovar immigrants in Germany have joined violent extremism organisations like IS and Hayat Tahrir al Sham. In particular, the paper identifies some of the consequences of shifting social dynamics and identity formation as the ties between the diaspora community and the country of origin change over time.
December 14, 2021

Kosovo’ s Response to Returnee from the WarZones

This report seeks to address a gap in the existing literature pertaining to the approaches of Kosovo in supporting rehabilitation/deradicalization as well as reintegration of the returnees. By focusing on institutional and policy infrastructure, this report sheds light into the relevance of having a holistic (government + non-government +community), coherent and coordinated response to meet the needs of the returnees and effectively address the challenges for their social and economic reintegration, as well as ideological disengagement.
December 14, 2021

Countering the Cultivation of Extremism in Bosnia and Herzegovina

This policy note explores a number of reasons why the BiH educational system is failing to proactively and preventively respond, and why this is a matter for concern.
December 14, 2021

Preventing Radicalisation in Prisons

The following is a summary of proceedings setting out some of the key issues that emerged during the wide-ranging discussion, looking at some of the international practice that was shared during the meeting and concluding with some practical recommendations for future action.
December 14, 2021

National Approches to Extremism: KOSOVO

First signs of radical and extremist views in Kosovo were identified shortly after the war in 1999. Security agencies that were monitoring such individuals saw their numbers rising in the following years. Through a slow and long-term process, inflammatory imams exploited the existing grievances of Kosovo citizens to proselytise Salafi/Wahhabi forms of radical Islam.
December 14, 2021

Returning to Extremism

The goal of this paper is to review and integrate the currently existing literature with practitioners’ experiences on the topic of terrorist reengagement in the European context.
December 14, 2021

Non-custodial Rehabilitation and Reintegration in P/CVE: A Guidebook

While recognizing the need to develop tailored, context- and conflict-sensitive approaches to the challenge, the guide identifies a series of principles that should underpin all non-custodial R&R efforts
December 13, 2021

Prisons and Terrorism

This report offers a wide-ranging analysis of the role prisons can play in radicalising people – and in reforming them. In doing so, it examines the policies and approaches of 15 countries, identifying trade-offs and dilemmas but also principles and best practices that can help governments and policymakers spot new ideas and avoid costly and counterproductive mistakes.
December 13, 2021

Community Perspectives on Preventing Violent Extremism

This comparative synthesis report – building on four country case studies covering Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina Kosovo and Macedonia – was produced in the framework of a participatory research project on “Opportunities for Preventing Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans”. Together with with four local research partners, we explore why some communities are particularly affected by individuals inspired by and/or joining the Islamic State (IS) or similar violent extremist groups, while other communities may show greater resilience to the same phenomenon. The project also includes policy outreach activities, both nationally and internationally, as well as local dialogue initiatives, in cooperation with local stakeholders and affected communities, in order to explore and develop strategies to prevent violent radicalisation in the Western Balkans in light of the research findings.
December 13, 2021

Preventing Radicalisation: A Systematic Review

The ICPC study involves three key components that assist in preventing radicalization: pluralist and harmonious social integration, greater emphasis on more refined, non-combative debate, and diversified discourse that is truly inclusive.
December 13, 2021

Violent Extremism: A Comparasion of Approaches to Assessing and Managing Risk

The objective of the present paper is to identify good practice in the risk field in general and to apply that to the specific area of risk in relation to violent extremism – in order that developments here accord to highest standards of practice achieved so far elsewhere.
December 13, 2021

Prison Radicalisation in County Jails: Disrupting Terrorist Acts Through Information Sharing

This thesis examines the programs in the federal Bureau of Prisons, the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, and the Los Angeles County jail system. Data from these entities was collected and examined for “smart practices” that could be employed in county jails. Recommendations are made that will assist county jail personnel with developing a program to ensure the timely, accurate, and lawful reporting of radicalization efforts that may take place in their facilities.
December 13, 2021

Violent Extremism in The Western Balkans: Literature Review

This review will be also of interest to the international donor community who would be interested in funding research projects on violent extremism in the Western Balkans. This review aims to also map out new avenues of research, and it does so by identifying gaps that remain in current literature, as well as some shortcomings in existing research.
December 13, 2021

Structural Quality Standards for Work to Intervene and Counter Violent Extremism

With this handbook the Counter Extremism Network Coordination Unit (KPEBW) in the Ministry for Interior Affairs, Digitalisation and Integration of the state of Baden-Württemberg in cooperation with the German Institute on Radicalization and De-Radicalization Studies (GIRDS) would like to present a recommendation for 5 minimum structural standards both to an audience of counter-extremism actors and to other state coordination units or policymaker.
December 10, 2021

Evaluation of the Netherlands Comprehensive Action Programme to Combat jihadism

The Inspectorate of Security and Justice concludes that the Netherlands comprehensive action programme to combat jihadism has provided positive momentum to the integral approach. The points for improvement proposed in this report can serve to further improve the approach and to put the measures in the Action Programme on a more permanent and regular footing. This reflects the great importance of these measures in the fight against radicalisation, extremism and terrorism in the Netherlands.
December 10, 2021

Foreign Terrorist Figthers in the Republic of North Macedonia

The issue that is a point of interest of this paper is the current situation of returning the foreign terrorist fighters to their home country or third countries and the security consequences that may arise if they are not treated properly.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK