In line with the Stabilisation and Association Agreements, the Council Conclusions of 19 June 20171 and 26 June 20182 , and the Sofia Declaration of the EU-Western Balkans Summit of 17 May 20183 , and building upon the European Commission’s Western Balkans Strategy of 6 February 20184 , joint work on Counter-Terrorism and Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism should be stepped up. To this effect, this Joint Action Plan outlines a concrete level of ambition and focus common to all Western Balkans partners, as well as related EU support in the area of Counter-Terrorism, including Preventing and Countering of Violent Extremism. The five Counter-Terrorism objectives in this plan should provide a common focus and lead to concrete deliverables in order to tackle the existing security challenges. This should include a systematic strengthening of regional cooperation. All Western Balkans partners and the EU intend to reach these five objectives by December 2020 through the actions foreseen in this plan. The actions set out in this plan should be non-exhaustive, adjustable according to evolving needs and developments and subject, where appropriate, to review5 reflecting the evolution of EU policy and legislation in the Counter-Terrorism area. Moreover, this plan does not, nor is it intended to, create any binding, legal or financial obligations on either side under domestic or international law.