December 17, 2021

Prevention of Radicalisation on Social Media and the Internet

This chapter focuses on the prevention of radicalization on social media and the internet in this digital age.
December 17, 2021

The EU and other Stakeholders’ Prevention Strategies Towards VE in Albania

This policy paper focuses on the aptness of the EU and other stakeholders’ prevention strategies towards violent extremism in Albania.
December 17, 2021

The Status of Violent Extremism in Albania

This study is prepared in the framework of the project “Countering violent extremism in Albania – Persisting violent extremist forms and threats and the way forward to reinforced PVE”, supported financially by the Public Affairs Office of the US Embassy in Tirana.
December 17, 2021

Reintegrating Terrorists in the Netherlands

This article presents an in-depth evaluation of a specialized reintegration initiative within the Dutch Probation Service focused on individuals convicted or suspected of involvement in terrorism.
December 17, 2021

Dealing with Non-Violent Right-Wing Extremist Actors

his overview paper focuses on right-wing extremism (RWE) and freedom of expression. It provides advices from first-line practitioners on how to deal with and respond to extremists publicly expressing their ideologies in a nonviolent, but still potentially harmful, way. It also delves into the matter of how practitioners can protect themselves against potential backlash and threats of violence from extremist organisations or movements.
December 16, 2021

Lone Actors in Digital Environments

his paper aims to provide an overview of digital environments and draw insights from qualitative research and monitoring of RWE online subcultures that reveals a shift towards a post-organisational reality, whereby online structures and subcultural milieus could be equally important for inspiring violence as connections to groups in the physical world.
December 16, 2021

Stakeholders of (De)- Radicalisation in Serbia

This report aims to depict and analyze the context of radicalisation in Republic of Serbia in the period from 2000 to 2021 as a part of the Work Package “Mapping Stakeholders and Situations of Radicalisation” of the D.Rad project. It puts emphasis on the most important acts of violence that indicate current and future trends of radicalisation and de-radicalisation; provides insight into how the political elite and general public perceive extremism, radicalisation and violent threats; and maps out the agents and channels of radicalisation and de-radicalisation
December 16, 2021

The Gamification of Violent Extremism & Lessons for P/CVE

After providing a brief introduction to gamification as such, this paper provides an overview of the use of gamification within extremist communities and the mechanisms by which it makes propaganda more attractive. Then, the potential for gamification in the P/CVE context is considered.
December 16, 2021

Extremists’ Use of Gaming platforms

The first part of the paper discusses how traditional gaming (adjacent) platforms have contributed to extremist activities.
December 16, 2021

Reporting about Violent Extremism and P/CVE Challenges for Journalists

This paper will address some of the most relevant challenges by introducing key insights and recommendations on how to follow a “do no harm” approach when informing the public, and particularly when reporting about violence. The role of civil society organisations working on P/CVE will also be highlighted.
December 16, 2021

Rehabilitation Work with Convicted Offenders Outside of Prison

This paper builds on lessons learned in the EU context, and it is useful for first-line practitioners providing probation and community sanctions and measures (CSMs) services, as well as exit workers and community.
December 16, 2021

The Impact of Conspiracy Narratives on Violent RWE and LWE Narratives

The aim of the RAN Communication and Narratives Working Group (C&N) meeting held on 24 and 25 November 2020 was to explore this topic with practitioners, industry representatives and experts. During the first day of the meeting, practitioners and experts discussed emerging conspiracy narrative trends, and how these intersect with extremism. Participants offered practical insights on how to engage with individuals who either believe in conspiracy narratives or are prone to them. On the second day, participants analysed the Great Replacement and QAnon through the lens of the GAMMMA+ model and provided pragmatic recommendations to practitioners on how to counter conspiracy narratives. This paper summarises the discussions, highlights key points and recommends practical next steps
December 15, 2021

Incels: A First Scan of the Phenomenon (in the EU) and its Relevance and Challenges for P/CVE

This paper intends to demystify key tenets of the incel ideology and its relationship to violence, outline key challenges for practitioners in prevention and countering of violent extremism (P/CVE) in reaching this community, and offer recommendations for intervention providers and practitioners to increase and improve work related to this phenomenon.
December 15, 2021

Video Gaming: Threats and Opportunities

This paper first discusses the threats regarding grooming tactics on video gaming and video gaming adjacent platforms by providing background information on different models of grooming that were shared during the meeting. The similarities and differences found between grooming for radicalisation purposes and other purposes (in particular, child sexual abuse and cults) are discussed. T
December 14, 2021

Role of Women in Preventing Radicalization and Violent Extremism

The aim of this paper is to inform the reader about the role of women in countering violent extremism and radicalization leading to terrorism (VERLT)
December 14, 2021

National Hubs Supporting Local Actors in P/CVE

Setting the course from a local perspective this paper will aim at identifying different models of how nationallevel actors can support local actors in their P/CVE efforts. Based on an exploration of practical work and existing cases, this paper will provide an overview of different good practices, models and/or approaches of national hubs supporting local P/CVE actors in Europe. In doing so, the paper will give a structured compilation of the different needs, lessons learned and experiences from existing models of national support hubs.
December 14, 2021

Trends of Radicalisation Bosnia and Herzegovina

This report will examine the trends of radicalization in Bosnia and Herzegovina using two hotspots as that represent the manifestations of radicalization in currant Bosnia and Herzegovin
December 14, 2021

Stakeholders of (De)- Radicalisation in Bosnia and Herzegovina

This report examines the main radicalisation and de-radicalisation processes in Bosnia and Herzegovina, including main influences of certain individuals, institutions and groups who influencing these processes. It will also discuss types of radicalism that has been recorded in Bosnia and Herzegovina since 2001 and what are the main drivers of radicalism in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
December 14, 2021

Returning to Extremism

The goal of this paper is to review and integrate the currently existing literature with practitioners’ experiences on the topic of terrorist reengagement in the European context.
December 13, 2021

Far-right Extremism in Europe, 2021

It is important to state from the outset that any overview of the European far right will necessarily talk in broad terms. This is especially important to understand when talking about the contemporary online far right. While it remains important to explore trends in traditional far right organisations such as political parties, the modern far-right is currently undergoing a broader and more fundamental shift; namely the emergence of a transnational and post-organisational threat.
December 13, 2021

The Impact of Schools and Families in the Religions : Perceptions of Children in Albania and Kosovo

This study aimed to identify children`s perceptions regarding the role of religion in their education, their religious belonging, the parent's role in their religious education, and the attitude they have towards other religions.
December 13, 2021

Cultural Drivers of Radicalisation: Kosovo

This report examines the use of media objects by the proponents of the Islamic State in Kosovo to trigger radicalization in the country by weaving in past political social grievances of discrimination and underrepresentation and evoking deep-seated traumas caused by the 1998-1999 war in Kosovo to conjure up a rallying cry of defiance to secular authorities and to the democratic order.
December 10, 2021

Foreign Terrorist Figthers in the Republic of North Macedonia

The issue that is a point of interest of this paper is the current situation of returning the foreign terrorist fighters to their home country or third countries and the security consequences that may arise if they are not treated properly.
December 9, 2021

Trends of Radicalisation: Hungary

Our findings show that the proliferation of right-wing radical movements, coupled with the wider socio-political context, has had a significant effect on perpetrators.
December 7, 2021

Deradicalisation and Integration: Legal Framework

This report focuses on the legal aspects of the phenomenon of radicalisation, deradicalisation, and counter-radicalisation in Slovenia.
December 7, 2021

Stakeholders of (De-)Radicalisation in Slovenia

This report presents a brief overview of (de-)radicalisation events, stakeholders and agents in Slovenia.
December 7, 2021

Trends of Radicalisation in Slovenia

This report addresses the issues of radicalization in Slovenia.
December 7, 2021

Cultural Drives to Radicalisation in Slovenia

The purpose of this report is to investigate a specific contemporary political and media discourse in Slovenia, with a focus on migration and race issues.
December 7, 2021

Substance use and Violent Extremism

The objective of this paper is to examine the ways in which drugs and alcohol form part of the wider social practices of different extremist groups and phenomena. The paper considers how drugs can be utilised for recruitment or radicalisation purposes, and specifically, how drugs are used to lower the threshold for committing extremist violence and/or terrorism.
December 7, 2021

A Comparative Analysis of the Data on Western Foreign Fighters

This report offers a concise, comprehensive, and critical overview of the empirical findings available on the background and possible motivations of the young Western men and women who became jihadist foreign fighters in Syria and Iraq.
December 7, 2021

Repatriation of Migrants to ISIS

This article is about the repatriation of migrants to ISIS by four countries of the Western Balkans: Albania, BiH, Kosovo and Republic of North Macedonia.
December 7, 2021

European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report

The EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2021 provides figures on terrorist attacks and terrorism-related arrests in the European Union (EU) in 2020. It is based predominantly on information officially contributed to Europol by EU Member States.
December 7, 2021

Understanding Corruption, State Capture, Radicalization, Pacification, Resilience, and Emigration in Bosnia and Herzegovina and North Macedonia

This initiative was inspired by a simple question: can the ideas presented in Sarah Chayes’ book Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security, help in understanding the social, political, and economic dynamics of Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) and North Macedonia in 2020.
December 7, 2021

Contemporary Violent Left-wing and Anarchist Extremism in the EU

Contemporary violent left-wing extremism is complex, difficult to explain and even more problematic to address. The complexity of the phenomenon starts with its definition, as happens for many other forms of extremism. The classification of violent manifestations in the left-wing extremist scene in the EU is highly controversial both in political circles and academic communities.
December 7, 2021

Risk Assessment in Prisons

This paper provides a picture of risk assessment tools used in EU Member States in the prison and security contexts. It focuses on existing instruments, their content and how they are used at the moment.
December 7, 2021

Far-right extremists’ use of humour

Humour has become a central weapon of extremist movements to subvert open societies and to lower the threshold towards violence. Especially within the context of a recent wave of far-right terrorist attacks, we witness “playful” ways in communicating racist ideologies.
December 7, 2021

Mutual radicalisation of opposing extremist groups via the Internet

Our findings show that online hate from far-right groups both precedes offline violence from these same groups, and spikes following offline violence from opposing Islamic extremist groups.
December 2, 2021

Trends of Radicalisation (Kosovo)

This report explores the most impactful manifestations of radicalization in Kosovo while identifying specific “hotspot” areas.
December 2, 2021

Stakeholders of (De)Radicalisation in Kosovo

This report examines Kosovo’s main agents of radicalisation and stakeholders of de-radicalisation, It describes the country’s , key individuals and processes influencing radicalisation and deradicalisation.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK