December 17, 2021

Enhancing Penintentiary Capacities in Adressing Radicalisation in Prison in the Western Balkans

The project's overall aim is to contribute to regional security by addressing radicalisation in prisons and disengaging violent extremist prisoners from violence.
December 17, 2021

Country Profile: Albania

This Country Profile provides a brief overview of religious diversity and its governance in the above-named state.
December 16, 2021

Country Report: Bosnia and Herzegovina

This Country Report offers a detailed assessment of religious diversity and violent religious radicalisation in the above-named state. It is part of a series covering 23 countries (listed below) on four continents. More basic information about religious affiliation and state-religion relations in these states is available in our Country Profiles series. This report was produced by GREASE, an EU-funded research project investigating religious diversity, secularism and religiously inspired radicalisation.
December 16, 2021

Psychological Mechanisms Involved in Radicalisation and Extremism

A complete and clear conceptualization is crucial for developing prevention/intervention programs and good practices in dealing with this process which has been spreading in the past years. The final part deals with directions regarding prevention/intervention programs from a rational emotive and behavioral perspective, and also from the perspective of European policies.
December 16, 2021

Far-Rigth Extremism: A practical Introduction

This factbook gives an overview of fundamental elements; it does not provide an allincluding in-depth study of all the FRE movements across the EU.
December 16, 2021

Western Balkans Foreign Fighters and Homegrown Jihadis: Trends and Implications

Over 1,000 adult male foreign fighters, women, and minors from the Western Balkans spent time in Syria and Iraq and around 500 from the region are still there, including children born in theater. After seven years of fighting and at least 260 combat deaths, the last active jihadi unit from the Western Balkans in Syria and Iraq is a modest ethnic Albanian combat unit fighting with Hay’at Tahrir al-Sham in Idlib.
December 15, 2021

The role of sports and leisure activities in preventing and countering violent extremism

. Cooperating with youth professionals and applying pedagogical methods can create opportunities for youngsters to work on the attitudes and life skills that make them resilient to ideological exploitation and the lure of extremist violence.
December 15, 2021

Understanding The Mental Health Disorders Pathway Leading to Violent Extremism

This paper identifies risk factors that make these people vulnerable to violent extremism, as well as ways that professionals can assess protective factors which may contribute to safeguarding them.
December 15, 2021

Prison and Probation Interventions

This complex situation is reflected in prison and probation environments: practitioners have a responsibility to keep prisons – and the public domain – safe from terrorist activity, and must also deal with individuals at risk of radicalisation. Based on practitioners’ experiences collated in the P&P Practitioners' Working Paper ( 2 ), RAN P&P has developed an approach to prison and probation interventions.
December 15, 2021

Delivering Counter and Alternative Narratives

The overall objectives of delivering CN or AN are likely to be uniform across actors: to deter individual(s) or group(s) from violent extremism through supporting alternatives or challenging narratives. More specific goals will vary according to different actors’ positions in society.
December 14, 2021

Grassroots and Inhibitors on Radicalisation In North Macedonia

The paper aims to examine and provide deeper analysis of the current situation and most significant grassroot initiatives, which will be used as the basis for recommendations for improvement.
December 14, 2021

Radicalised and Terrorist Offenders Released From Prison: Community and family acceptance

This paper summarises and aims to disseminate existing findings, and adds to the literature by pinpointing and elaborating more in depth on specific issues and by establishing links to the broader literature on rehabilitation and reintegration
December 13, 2021

Community Perspectives on Preventing Violent Extremism

This comparative synthesis report – building on four country case studies covering Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina Kosovo and Macedonia – was produced in the framework of a participatory research project on “Opportunities for Preventing Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans”. Together with with four local research partners, we explore why some communities are particularly affected by individuals inspired by and/or joining the Islamic State (IS) or similar violent extremist groups, while other communities may show greater resilience to the same phenomenon. The project also includes policy outreach activities, both nationally and internationally, as well as local dialogue initiatives, in cooperation with local stakeholders and affected communities, in order to explore and develop strategies to prevent violent radicalisation in the Western Balkans in light of the research findings.
December 13, 2021

Violent Extremism in The Western Balkans: Literature Review

This review will be also of interest to the international donor community who would be interested in funding research projects on violent extremism in the Western Balkans. This review aims to also map out new avenues of research, and it does so by identifying gaps that remain in current literature, as well as some shortcomings in existing research.
December 13, 2021

ABC Model of Violent Extremism

As its name suggests, the Attitudes-Behaviors Corrective (ABC) model seeks to overcome this issue by placing this key disconnect between attitudes and behaviors at its core. In this paper, we first present the key elements of our model, which include a graphic representation of this disconnect and a classification system of the drivers of violent extremism.
December 13, 2021

Citizens Perceptions on the New Threats of Violent Extremism In Kosovo

This report consists of data analysis on perceptions regarding threat of violent extremism and trust towards stakeholders involved in prevention of this phenomena. It is divided in three main sessions: the first focuses on general perceptions about violent extremism and other forms of extremism such as: ethnically motivated violence, political violence and religiously motivated violence; the second outlines the perceptions towards risks and threats of returned fighters, and community willingness to accept former fighters and women/minors; the last session focuses on the perceptions towards stakeholders involved in implementation of the CVE strategy.
December 13, 2021

Overview of research on far right extremism in the Western Balkans

Far-right extremism is widespread in the Western Balkans and exists in both mainstream political parties and extremist groups and individuals. Most of the literature focuses on Serbian nationalist groups, but far-right groups are also present in Bosnia Herzegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo, Albania and North Macedonia.
December 10, 2021

Countering the Myths of IS: How to Counter The IS Narrative Online

Based on a comprehensive analysis of the threats of extremist groups in social media, our research addresses three main narratives: (I) political narratives (ideological and against state institutions) (II) religious narratives (III) gender roles narratives. The report studies the Albanianlanguage propaganda purported by IS in a bid to target audiences in Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia, all three countries where Albanian is an official language.
December 7, 2021

Is Migration a Risk Factor for Radicalisation?

This paper aims to analyze the correlation between migration and the phenomenon of radicalization, presenting them theoretically and examining the main models of intervention used to combat radicalization and extremism.
December 7, 2021

Hate Speech and Radicalisation Online

The report examines the tactics of Islamist and right-wing extremist groups online, the effects of disinformation, social media search algorithims on political polarisation and radicalisation.
December 7, 2021

Countering Illegal Speech Online

This paper reviews the freedom of expression implications of the Code of Conduct for Countering Illegal Hate Speech Online that was developed by the European Commission.
December 7, 2021

Returning Foreign Fighters From Syria and Iraq

This article provides an overview of the Kosovan experience dealing with returnee ‘foreign fighters’ from Syria and Iraq.
December 7, 2021

Right-wing Extremists Persistent online presence

This policy brief traces how Western right-wing extremists have exploited the power of the internet from early dial-up bulletin board systems to contemporary social media and messaging apps.
December 7, 2021

Overcoming the Main Challenges of the Penitentiary Systems in the Western Balkans region

The Regional Conference in Sarajevo provided an excellent forum for discussion and exchange of experiences and practices between the prison and probation practitioners and representatives of the Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism (P-CVE) Coordination bodies from all 6 Horizontal Facility Beneficiaries from the Western Balkans region.
December 7, 2021

Guidelines regarding Recruitment, Selection, Education, Training and Professional Development of Prison and Probation Staff

The Guidelines were developed as a follow-up to the 22nd Council of Europe Conference of Directors of Prison and Probation Services (Norway, June 2017).
December 7, 2021

Balkan Countries’ Efforts and the Role of the EU and Russia

The countries of the Western Balkans (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro and partly recognized Kosovo) are not members of the EU, but are nevertheless placed high on the European agenda. The stability of Europe as a whole largely depends on the security of this region.
December 7, 2021

Violence and Sport

The Belgrade Centre for Security Policy Research team analysed results of the implementation of the National Strategy for Combating Violence and Misconduct at Sports Events from 2013 to 2018.
December 7, 2021

Countering Terrorist Content Online

The continued presence of terrorist content on the web is a risk to citizens and to society at large. Its potential for causing harm is made worse by the speed with which it spreads across platforms. Terrorist content online has played a role in the attacks which have taken place on European soil.
December 7, 2021

Post-Digital Cultures of the Far Righ

Web 2.0 and the proliferation of social media enable user-generated content to be shared instantly via networks that record their own searchable archives. This advent has accelerated and deepened the effective reach of activists and organizations from across the political spectrum.
December 2, 2021

North Macedonia’s Drivers to Violent Extremism

This article nalyses the drivers to violent extremism in North Macedonia and the rates of regional FTFs.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK