December 17, 2021

Integrated Country Strategy: Macedonia

We intend to build on these strengths and invest resources and political capital in the relationship
December 17, 2021

National CounterTerrorism Stratey of The Republic of Macedonia

With the present document the Republic of Macedonia seeks to coordinate the efforts of the ministries, governmental and nongovernmental institutions.
December 17, 2021

Albanian National Strategy Countering Violent Extremism

This Strategy will enable the Albanian government to devise guiding principles, policies, and actions to address radicalization and violent extremism. With the end goal of creating a prosperous and inclusive environment for citizens, this Strategy will also cultivate a culture of respect for fundamental freedoms throughout the country.
December 17, 2021

The Problems of Radicalisation and Terrorist Recruitment in Prisons

The article examines the problem of radicalization among the incarcerated in places of confinement.
December 17, 2021

Communicating with Radicalised Individuals in an Exit Setting

This manual aims to help and inspire exit work practitioners in their communication with (former) extremists, based on the expertise of experienced professionals. Not all suggestions provided will apply to every single exit process or facility.
December 16, 2021

Religious Tolerance in Albania

The present study finds that the foundations of religious tolerance in Albania are deeply rooted in the societal traditions and culture rather than from religious awareness, knowledge or practice.
December 16, 2021

Community Perspectives on the Prevention of Violent Extremism in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The purpose of this research was to identify common and distinct factors of resilience or vulnerability to violent extremism in Bosnian communities as well as the influence of key actors on those factors.
December 16, 2021

Extremism Research Forum: Macedonia

The report thematically presents the levels, forms, and threats of extremism in Macedonia by outlining the definitional variances between violent and non-violent extremism, the waves of Islamist extremism, the phenomenon of foreign fighters, and burgeoning nationalist extremism and its political undertones.
December 16, 2021

Countering Violent Extremism in Macedonia

In view of these realities, this policy brief proposes four recommendations, based on a broader, more holistic grassroots approach, which would assist the Republic of Macedonia in moving away from a “whole-of-government” strategy to a “whole-of-society” strategy which includes all stakeholders in the CVE.
December 16, 2021

Community Perspectives on the Prevention of Violent Extremism in Macedonia

Using the data collected during the fieldwork exercise, the report aims to determine what makes each aforementioned municipality more or less affected by violent radicalisation.
December 16, 2021

Militant Extremist Mindset and the Assessment of Radicalization in the General Population

This paper presents new data and reviews the available evidence pointing to the existence of three main ingredients of militant extremist mindset.
December 16, 2021

Protective and Promotive Factors Building Resilience Against Violent Radicalisation

To this end, the paper: (1) specifies which risk factors can be mitigated by which protective factors; (2) explains the importance of promotive factors in mitigating risk; (3) explains the importance of promotive factors in enhancing well-being and strengthening individual and societal resilience; (4) presents a kaleidoscopic overview, including implications for policies and practices
December 16, 2021

The Application of Risk Assessment Tools in the Criminal Justice and Rehabilitation Process

This literature review begins by providing an overview of the history of risk assessment as a science and introduces key terms and theories.
December 16, 2021

Civil Society Organisations in Preventing and Countering Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans

This regional mapping has been produced for the project: “Communities First: Creation of a civil society hub to prevent and counter violent extremism” (the Hub).
December 16, 2021

Hate and Counter-Voices in the Internet

The articles in this special issue focus on this spectrum, providing new insights into hate and counter-voices in online media.
December 15, 2021

Revisiting the Notion of Prison as a Breeding Ground for Radicalisation

This ex post highlights these issues and the outcomes of the meeting’s discussions will also feed into enhancing the RAN P&P Practitioners’ Paper, third edition (to be expected early 2019).
December 15, 2021

Common P/CVE Challenges in the Western Balkans and European Union

This ex post paper summarises the recommendations and best practices drawn from the meeting. This document is intended for policymakers and practitioners who want to better understand the needs and goals of others and who wish to improve mutual cooperation at all levels. The exchange of best practices from the Western Balkan and EU countries could better prepare both regions to tackle any threats and challenges they may face.
December 15, 2021

Issues of Radicalisation and Violent Extremism in Macedonia

The primary objective of this report is to examine the extent to which radicalisation and violent extremism is related to the practice of Islam. That said, the report does not qualify this type of extremism as the main security challenge in Macedonia due to the presence of other forms of extremism, such as nationalism. As the findings of the report will explain, religious extremism is often juxtaposed with nationalism.
December 14, 2021

Violent Extremism: Definition and Terminology

This guide is an effort by the Kosovo Center for Security Studies (KCSS) to address, in cooperation with Kosovo media, the absence of a compendium of the terminology and practices, in order to properly respond to the need for more accurate and substantive surveys and reporting on the phenomenon of violent extremism in Kosovo. This guide is a product of KCCS’s research and of the longstanding experience of its researchers on recognizing and studying violent extremism and its origin in Kosovo, compiled with the support of the US Department of State and the US Embassy in Kosovo and through broad consultations with Kosovo media news desks, editors, journalists and local reporters from municipalities and the capital.
December 14, 2021

New Threats of Violent Extremism in Kosovo

Yet, despite Government’s willingness to take ownership of the issue, with no reintegration program in place and a public largely unwilling to welcome the foreign fighters back, their return and the continued radicalization on the ground are poised to become Kosovo’s greatest national security threat to date.
December 13, 2021

Social Network Hate Speech

Author(s) Mossie, Z. & Wang, J.-2018 Abstract Social Network Hate Speech: Detection for Amharic Language  The anonymity of social networks makes it attractive for hate speech to mask their criminal activities online posing a challenge to the world and in particular Ethiopia. With this everincreasing volume of social media data, hate speech identification becomes a challenge in aggravating conflict between citizens of nations. The high rate of production, has become difficult to collect, store and […]
December 13, 2021

The Role of Family and Social Networks in the Rehabilitation of (Violent) Extremist and Terrorist Offenders

RAN P&P explored the challenges in using family and social networks around (violent) extremist and terrorist (VE/T) offenders as a resource for rehabilitation.
December 13, 2021

The Operational Development and Empirical Testing of TRAP–18

The TRAP– 18 is further discussed as a threat assessment instrument for mental health clinicians. The limitations of the current research provide direction for further studies to assess its reliability and construct, discriminant, and predictive validity.
December 13, 2021

Violent Extremism: A Comparasion of Approaches to Assessing and Managing Risk

The objective of the present paper is to identify good practice in the risk field in general and to apply that to the specific area of risk in relation to violent extremism – in order that developments here accord to highest standards of practice achieved so far elsewhere.
December 13, 2021

Measuring radicalisation: Practices in England and Wales

The article hence offers both a conceptual clarification of the ideas of ‘radicalisation’ underpinning counterterrorism policies in England and Wales, and reflections on the operational utility of the present use of the ERG and VAF indicators
December 13, 2021

Assessment of Violent Extremism in Serbia

This assessment dealt with the root causes and drivers of VE in Serbia. It identified four different types of extremism: a) religiously-motivated extremism, including foreign fighters in the Middle East; b) ideologically-motivated (right-wing) extremism, which included Serbian nationals traveling to fight for the pro-Russian side in Ukraine; c) ethnically-motivated extremism; and d) hooliganism. All four types recognized in this research are rooted, directly or indirectly, in the context cited above. We will here summarize all underlying factors and drivers shared by these seemingly distinct types of extremism.
December 13, 2021

Citizens Perception and Community Response on Returned Foreign Fighters

According to the Strategy, reintegration of potentially radicalized persons or at the stage of radicalization should be an inclusive and specific process. Further, the Malta Principles for Reintegrating Returning Foreign Terrorist Fighters highlights that effective assessments should be done, in order to design programs with individuals in mind whether they serve FTFs returnees, their families or vulnerable individuals.
December 10, 2021

Violent Radicalisation & Far-Right Extremism In Europe

While this report does not comprehensively cover all the potential topics related to the radicalisation of far-right violent extremism in Europe, it provides a beginning step to enhance the available research on the subject and generate some specific examples and recommendations for policy and programme responses
December 10, 2021

Vulnerability and Resilience to Violent Extremism in Kosovo

By focusing on the legacy of two distinct communities in the last six years since the appearance of violent extremism in Kosovo and the trajectory of their conduct over this period, this study seeks to shed light on the central role that formal and informal structures embedded in the communities have in preventing and countering radicalisation and violent extremism
December 10, 2021

Development of the RADAR-iTE instruction card for operational and educational purposes

The objective of the thesis was to develop an instruction card for operational and educational purposes. The instruction card is meant for people who are using the risk assessment tool for the first time or are having their first case and need reminding and concentration of using RADAR-iTE assessment tool. As the instruction card was prepared, practice research was conducted to collect information of the RADAR-iTE before prototyping of the instruction card.
December 10, 2021

Evaluating Interventions that Prevent or Counter Violent Extremism

This document derives from the work carried out under the IMPACT Europe project1 funded by the Seventh Framework Programme.2 The project sought to identify what works in preventing and countering violent extremism (P/CVE) and focused on developing an interactive toolkit which helps evaluate interventions in this field
December 10, 2021

A comparison of two structured professional judgment tools for violent extremism : VERA and ERG 22+

Although the two tools are intrinsically comparable, ERG seems overall better suited to the French context. This exploratory conclusion ought to be confirmed with field comparisons.
December 9, 2021

Exposure to Extremist Online Content Could Lead to Violent Radicalization

The reviewed studies provide tentative evidence that exposure to radical violent online material is associated with extremist online and offline attitudes, as well as the risk of committing political violence among white supremacist, neo-Nazi, and radical Islamist groups.
December 9, 2021

Comparing Theories of Radicalisation with Countering Violent Extremism Policy

This article assesses whether the scholarly literature on radicalisation is adequately integrated into national policy strategies for countering violent extremism (CVE)
December 9, 2021

The Relation Between Extremism and Hooliganism

Measures for the prevention of hooliganism can be of value for P/CVE, and vice versa. However, extremists within hooligan and ultra groups constitute a specific group, calling for a tailor-made approach. Such made-tomeasure approaches for dealing with extremism among hooligans and ultras are still novel in Europe, and should receive more attention from both policymakers and P/CVE practitioners.
December 9, 2021

What can we learn from adjacent phenomena?

We looked at the similarities between the process of radicalisation and these adjacent phenomena. The aim is for local prevent coordinators to learn from these approaches – which might be equally applicable to P/CVE work.
December 9, 2021

Review and Evaluation of Empirical Support for Mechanisms of Political Radicalisation

This paper evaluates the most influential current approaches to the mechanisms of radicalisation on the basis of their empirical evidence and calls for a focus on research designs capable of arbitrating on matters of causality, not just correlation.
December 7, 2021

Exit Programmes for Female Jihadists

Exit programmes to deradicalize, disengage, reintegrate or rehabilitate are often part of a broader programme to prevent and counter violent extremism (CVE). Little is known about the effectiveness of such exit programmes, in particular in relation to female violent extremism. Drawing on municipal exit programmes in the Netherlands as a case study, the article researches how realistic evaluation can be used to measure the effectiveness of exit programmes.
December 7, 2021

Understanding radicalisation in the Western Balkans

This research usefully informs policy development, providing practical recommendations, while also feeding into an overarching regional report, where broader linkages and key transnational issues that have been identified.
December 7, 2021

The challenge of resocialisation: Dealing with radicalised individuals in prison and probation

The paper has a special focus on radicalised individuals during and after imprisonment.
December 7, 2021

Radicalisation and Violent Extremism in Montenegro

The research explores a range of themes and topics with key stakeholders within communities, civil society and government, in order to build a coherent picture of the specific situation in Montenegro.
December 7, 2021

Marginalisation and Radicalisation in Montenegro

Indeed, as was found across this study, participants in Montenegro consistently emphasised the need for a more interdisciplinary approach to P/CVE.
December 7, 2021

The epistemology of terrorism and radicalisation

This paper outlines and criticises two models of terrorism, the Rational Agent Model (RAM) and the Radicalisation Model (RAD). A different and more plausible conception of the turn to violence is proposed.
December 7, 2021

The Release and Community Supervision of Radicalised Offenders

This paper explores the challenges that correctional authorities encounter when dealing with the transition of offenders back into the community after the completionof terrorism-related sentences or after demonstrating extremist views or associations.
December 7, 2021

Risk Assessement for Violent Extremists and Terrorism offenders

This ex post paper contains guidelines for prison and probation professionals involved in the development, use and/or implementation of specialised risk assessment tools.
December 7, 2021

Processual models of radicalisation into terrorism

Through a best fit framework synthesis, this contribution systematically identifies existing models and frameworks in the literature and analyses them thematically.
December 7, 2021

Western Balkans counter terrorism initiatives

This article argues that the Western Balkans Counterterrorism Initiative), originally a Slovenian proposal, represents an efficient form of regional security cooperation, particularly when regional EU integration is considered.
December 2, 2021

Security in the Western Balkans

It discusses the legacies of the Yugoslav era, its violent conclusion, the emerging security challenges in the region, as well as the region’s Euro-Atlantic integration.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK