December 20, 2021

National Strategy for the Prevention and Countering of Terrorism: Serbia

The Strategy is based on principles and values enshrined in the Constitution, and is harmonized with valid legislation of the Republic of Serbia. The purpose and objectives of the Strategy are harmonized with the basic strategic documents in the Republic of Serbia in the field of security and countering of terrorism, in particular with the National Security Strategy of the Republic of Serbia.
December 17, 2021

Albania 2017- Decision on the Creation of the Center of Coordination in Countering Violent Extremism

Albania 2017 Council of Ministers Decision on the Creation of the Center of Coordination in Countering Violent Extremism (CVE Center)
December 17, 2021

Counter-Speech Practices in Europe

We conclude with a brief summary, suggestions as to how this comparative framework could be expanded for future use, and a set of five recommendations for counter-speech activists and practitioners.
December 16, 2021

Journey to Extremism in Africa

The Journey to Extremism in Africa report represents a major output of UNDP Africa’s Preventing and Responding to Violent Extremism in Africa programme, which has set out since 2015 to provide leadership and support to national and regional partners in delivering development-focused and effective responses to the expanding crises associated with violent extremism across the continent.
December 16, 2021

Countering Violent Extremism in Prisons

This paper provides an overview of some of the most important research findings that have emerged on prison and violent extremism in recent years. Drawing on this research, the article synthesises and assesses the dominating themes and views in the literature. The paper also identifies a number of significant knowledge gaps that deserve further scholarly attention.
December 16, 2021

Risk Assessment and the Prevention of Radicalization from Nonviolence Into Terrorism

This article considers the challenges associated with completing risk assessments in countering violent extremism.
December 16, 2021

Radicalisation of Young Adults in the Balkan States:

The findings of this review suggest that approaches to deradicalisation should consider the importance of building communities through improved links between state-security, health, education and social care.
December 15, 2021

The Role of Religion in Exit Programmes and Religious Counselling in Prison and Probation Settings

This paper will focus on: 1. Target groups; 2. Existing good practices in Member States; 3. Reintegration into society. It aims to provide guidelines for those practitioners who are working with or considering involving religion in these settings, as well as obstacles and difficulties this might entail.
December 15, 2021

Confederation of European Probation

This ex post paper reflects the discussions that took place during the meeting, and especially during the smaller group discussions organised to foster interaction between participants.
December 15, 2021

R2PRIS: Methodological Framework

This report was developed by the partnership of R2PRIS Radicalisation Prevention in Prisons (2015-1-PT01-KA204-013062) project with the aim of presenting its first deliverable: the R2PRIS Methodological Framework.
December 14, 2021

Islamophobia and Xenophobia in Slovenia

Our research, therefore, attempts to first identify Islamophobia and xenophobia through theoretical discourse as the fear of the "other" − that is, the fear towards Muslims (Islamophobia) or towards the foreigners (xenophobia)
December 13, 2021

Reintegration of Returining Foreign Fighters

Consequently, it is an immediate need for Kosovo to develop its own model based on local capacities and expertise, whlist taking into consideration specific cases and contexts. Rather, across the field there exists a conundrum of approaches to re-radicalisation that do not stem derive from a consultative and coordinated process.
December 13, 2021

Use of Structured Professional Judgment by Probation Officers to Assess Risk for Recidivism in Adolescent Offenders

The current study tested a method of risk assessment for adolescent offenders that relies on structured professional judgment: the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk for Youth (SAVRY; Borum, Bartel, & Forth, 2006).
December 13, 2021

The Islamic Narrative in Kosovo

Given the potency of the IS propaganda to catalyze the radicalization process and its role in inspiring individuals to commit themselves to violent extremism, KCSS compiled this report with the aim to identify, deconstruct, analyze, contextualize and interpret the IS propaganda targeting Kosovo Albanians as well as to reveal the tools employed to spread this narrative among different audiences in Kosovo. In Kosovo’s case, this report finds that the narrative, while laced with religious language and injected with Koranic verses, in essence speaks to local issues. It seeks to utilize local disgruntlement, past grievances as well as events pertaining to the 1998-1999 to mobilize its supporters in Kosovo.
December 13, 2021

Structural Quality Standards for Work to Intervene and Counter Violent Extremism

With this handbook the Counter Extremism Network Coordination Unit (KPEBW) in the Ministry for Interior Affairs, Digitalisation and Integration of the state of Baden-Württemberg in cooperation with the German Institute on Radicalization and De-Radicalization Studies (GIRDS) would like to present a recommendation for 5 minimum structural standards both to an audience of counter-extremism actors and to other state coordination units or policymaker.
December 10, 2021

Women in Violent Extremism

Historically, women have been victims to a much greater degree than perprators of violence. The situation is gradually changing in the context of globalization and new security challenges. Recently, we have been witnessing an increase of women involvement in violent extremist organisations including participation in foreign conflicts. These organisations – often united around a common political or religious ideology – represents one of the many emerging complex threats to international peace and security. In order to create an effective response to this problem, it is initially important to depict why women increasingly join violent extremists organizations and what is their role within the groups. Research and experience to date have shown that women can enable, support, be victims of, counteract and prevent violent extremism. Their roles and experiences are not monochromatic but rather diverse and shaped by context, community and history.1 Women, albeit portrayed as passive agents, have been participating in recent terrorist organizations more frequently and in many different ways. Women have been participating in terrorist organizations as caretakers and care providers, they have been promoting violent extremist ideologies and have been recruiting other women to join violent extremist groups. Furthermore, there are sources implying that in some cases women have taken up weapons and are fighting in the ground.2 The purpose of this research is to shed light on the women from Kosovo who participate in violent extremists organizations and potential consequences deriving from their role. While the report will be solely focused on Kosovo, it will bring international knowledge in treating this phenomenon having in mind that Kosovo marks no general exception when compared to other countries. The goal is to particularly identify who these women are, why would they participate in these conflicts, and what is their role.
December 10, 2021

National Report on Youth Radicalisation in Greece

The purpose of the national report is to present the state of the art in terms of youth radicalisation, which will be based on the use of positive psychology, restorative justice and the GLM.
December 10, 2021

RAND Program Evaluation Toolkit for CVE

This toolkit is based on RAND’s Getting To Outcomes® (GTO) approach, an evidencebased model designed to help community-based programs conduct self-evaluations. We specifically adapted this toolkit from the RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit.
December 9, 2021

Terrorist Use of the Internet by the Numbers Quantifying Behaviors, Patterns, and Processes

By using a unique data set of 223 convicted United Kingdom–based terrorists, this article focuses on how they used the Internet in the commission of their crimes.
December 9, 2021

Defining terrorism : one size fits all?

In this article I outline the wide-ranging difficulties with both the current definition as it stands and the notion of a single definition for terrorism that can be applied across multiple, highly varied, legal contexts.
December 7, 2021

Countering VE:A realistic review of what works

This article applies the realist review method to CVE studies, which synthesizes the existing CVE literature and helps us gain insight into relevant contexts, mechanisms, and outcomes for CVE. Realist reviews help to develop and shape more effective policy and contribute to further CVE theory development.
December 7, 2021

Towards Academic Consensus Definitions of Radicalism and Extremism

Attempting to re-define essentially contested and frequently (ab-)used and fuzzy concepts like radicalism and extremism from an academic perspective - that is without any political definition– may look like an exercise in futility.
December 7, 2021

Radicalisation and Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans

The report is a literature review of radicalisation and violent extremism in the Balkans, including terminology, drivers, narratives, the foreign fighter phenomenon and gender aspects.
December 7, 2021

Danish and Swedish Prison and Probation Services’ Counter-Radicalization Strategies

This thesis identifies contemporary literature on radicalization, deradicalization, and violent extremism within a prison context. From this seven recurrent themes were identified: overcrowding, religious chaplains, sectioning, risk assessment, monitoring and supervision, rehabilitation programs and education of staff.
December 7, 2021

Threat from Returning Foreign Fighters in the Western Balkans

This report looks at key trends and developments related to the return of FFTs from the six Western Balkans jurisdictions and the capacity and possibilities for their disengagement, de-radicalization, rehabilitation, and reintegration.
December 2, 2021

Balkan Foreign Figthers

‘Balkan jihadists’ are mostly young people, typically between 20 and 35 years of age, coming from remote rural areas, usually poor and unemployed, with little work experience or skills to offer. Being marginalised and stigmatised in deeply divided societies burdened with the legacy of war.