December 17, 2021

Religious Radicalisation and Violent Islamist Extremism in Albania, Macedonia and Kosovo

This article aims to present an analysis of internal and external factors that have contributed to the development of the phenomenon: the economic, social and ideological aspects, and the areas most affected by this issue.
December 17, 2021

Approaches to Violent Extremist Offenders and Countering Radicalisation

The paper is structured around these two contexts. While in practice this distinction may not exist in some EU Member States, it serves to identify key issues: prison conditions and reintegration strategies, risk assessment, prison regime choices, rehabilitation and reintegration initiatives, and staff training.
December 16, 2021

Handbook on the Management of Violent Extremist Prisoners and the Prevention of Radicalisation to Violence in Prisons

The focus of this Handbook is on adult male and female violent extremist prisoners. The specific issue of children alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having committed violent extremist offences will be dealt with in a separate UNODC publication, recognizing the different legal regime applicable to children deprived of their liberty. Collective disengagement from violent extremism is also not covered in this Handbook, as its focus is on the individual prisoner and interventions aimed at individual disengagement from violence.
December 16, 2021

Preventing Violent Extremism Through Promoting Inclusive Development, Tolerance and Respect for Diversity

This paper does not focus solely on religiously-inspired violent extremism. Many drivers apply to other forms of extreme behavior. Radical behavior in itself is not necessarily a problem. Non-violent radical behavior, especially if undertaken purposely in the political, economic or cultural sphere, can help to promote positive change. Violent extremism kicks in when radical behavior starts making use of indiscriminate violence as the means of expression.
December 16, 2021

“Electronic Jihad”: The Internet as al-Qaeda’s Catalyst for Global Terror

This study will examine the evolving doctrine of ‘Electronic Jihad and its impact on the radicalization of Muslims in Western diaspora communities
December 16, 2021

Terrorism, Radicalisation, Extremism, Authoritarianism and Fundamentalism – A Systematic Review

The present study is a systematic review that explores the methodological quality reporting and the psychometric soundness of the instruments developed to identify risk factors of terrorism, extremism, radicalisation, authoritarianism and fundamentalism.
December 16, 2021

The Root Causes of Violent Extremism

This brief issue paper provides a summary of ‘root causes’ leading to violent extremism.
December 15, 2021

Multi-agency cooperation

This ex-post paper will present the main points discussed during the meeting, on the basis of the presentations of the three national approaches (described in detail in annex 1-3). The complexity of the topic has fostered interaction between participants on many aspects of multi-agency cooperation. As introduced in the ex-ante paper, a number of questions were leading during the meeting which will be addressed throughout this ex-post paper.
December 15, 2021

Minimum methodological requirements for exit interventions

This paper is not intended to be a comprehensive blueprint on how to shape a deradicalisation programme. This would be impossible given the different legislation and infrastructures within the EU Member States. Even within Member States there is huge variety between different fields in which deradicalisation work is done (for example in a prison or youth centre setting). Participants also differ when it comes to ideology, gender and degree of radicalisation, which makes one-size-fits-all solutions impossible. Finally, the acceptance level for radical thoughts is fluent and varied within the general public, media and political debate.
December 15, 2021

Exit Programmes and Interventions in Prison and Probation

This ex-post paper reflects the main points discussed during the meeting: 1. What is a programme/project/intervention? 2. What distinguishes an exit programme and intervention from other general and specific programmes and interventions? 3. How do we do exit work after release or in probation? 4. How do we evaluate success of exit programmes with extremist offenders?
December 14, 2021

Radicalisation Research – Gap Analysis

This paper presents an overview of these research gaps as they have been outlined in the literature, in particular in the individual research papers on the RAN focus areas; as they have been voiced by practitioners and academics during the first RAN research seminar held between 12-13 April, 2016, in Vienna, Austria; and as communicated by WG leaders and the RAN Editorial Board in their feedback to this paper. It proceeds with describing research gaps that have been noted in all focus areas, followed by gaps which are specific to certain areas.
December 14, 2021

Preventing Radicalisation in Prisons

The following is a summary of proceedings setting out some of the key issues that emerged during the wide-ranging discussion, looking at some of the international practice that was shared during the meeting and concluding with some practical recommendations for future action.
December 13, 2021

The Moral Questions on the Religious Basis for Terrorism

Having gone this far, we can conclude by saying that every claim for a religious sanctioned terrorism is a faulty one. This is as a result of our understanding of what many mainstream religions preach. Many Islamic, Christian, Hindus etc scholars have so far presented us with the image of religion that preaches peace, justice, etc.
December 13, 2021

An Internet-Mediated Pathway for Online Radicalisation

This chapter proposes an Internet-mediated radicalisation model, RECRO.
December 13, 2021

The Clinical Threat Assessment of the Lone -Actor Terrorist

In this article we have studied the behaviors and mindset of a loneactor terrorist, Malik Hasan (who happened to also be a mental health professional and a psychiatrist) through the lens of TRAP-18.
December 10, 2021

Empirical Assessment of Domestic Radicalization

The results of the EADR project lend good support to radicalization mechanisms that are based on personal and collective psychology. That said, our analysis failed to account for the radicalization pathways of 15 of 35 cases of violent extremism that were analyzed, which indicates that extant radicalization research does not account for all of the causal conditions that can contribute to radicalization processes. Future research efforts should focus on interviews with extremists and panel surveys of at-risk populations in order to identify these missing conditions
December 7, 2021

De-radicalising prisoners in Nigeria

This paper sets out Nigerian Prison Service went about establishing the de-radicalisation programme and describes key elements of that programme.
December 7, 2021

Handbook for Prison and Probation Services Regarding Radicalisation and Violent Extremism

The Handbook is intended to be consistent with the Council of Europe values and standards, in particular, the European Prison Rules and the Council of Europe Probation Rules and it should be used in conjunction with these texts. National authorities should be aware that juveniles need special attention and different methods of intervention from adults. This takes into account their developing personality and specific needs.
December 7, 2021

Addressing Violent Extremism in Prisons and Probation

This policy brief focuses on a particular program, the Healthy Identity Intervention, which was specifically designed to prevent extremist offenders from reoffending and was based on general whatworks principles.
December 7, 2021

Terrorism, Radicalisation and De-radicalisation

In this article, we review the literature and present a model of radicalization and de-radicalization
December 7, 2021

Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans

The 31st workshop of the Study Group Regional Stability in South East Europe was convened in Belgrade, Serbia in September 2015. Under the overarching title of “Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans” 30 experts from the South East European region, the international community and major stakeholder met under the umbrella of the PfP Consortium of Defence Academies and Security Studies Institutes and the Austrian Ministry of Defence and Sports.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK