Rehabilitation and Reintegration of VETOs

December 17, 2021

Strategy on Prevention of Violent Extremism and Radicalisation Leading to Terrorism

Strategic objectives determined under this strategic document aims to address the push and pull factors that influence the radicalization of the population, with special emphasis on the youth.
December 17, 2021

Approaches to Violent Extremist Offenders and Countering Radicalisation

The paper is structured around these two contexts. While in practice this distinction may not exist in some EU Member States, it serves to identify key issues: prison conditions and reintegration strategies, risk assessment, prison regime choices, rehabilitation and reintegration initiatives, and staff training.
December 17, 2021

Rehabilitation Manual

This manual offers guidance to first line practitioners regarding the rehabilitation of radicalised and terrorist offenders inside as well as outside of prison.
December 17, 2021

Countering Radicalisation in America

The challenges European authorities have had to face are similar to those their U.S. counterparts are expected to confront, and several lessons are at hand from the European experience.
December 17, 2021

Countering Radicalisation in Europe

The report seeks to highlight challenges common to the four countries examined. From the onset, European authorities have struggled to identify the target of their actions. Most recently, authorities throughout the continent seem to have shifted their focus from the broader phenomenon of extremism to the narrower subcategory of violent radicalization.
December 17, 2021

Designing Rehabilitation and Reintegration Programmes for Violent Extremist Offenders

Specifically, the policy brief makes an argument for a Realist approach as developed by Pawson and Tilley , which is concerned with the identification of policies’ underlying causal mechanisms and the way in which they function across contexts. In other words, a Realist approach aims to move beyond assessing ´whether the programme works´ to ´why the programme (sometimes) works’ and ‘why it works differently in different environments’, in order to identify what can be done to maximise the chances of success. 
December 17, 2021

Reintegrating Terrorists in the Netherlands

This article presents an in-depth evaluation of a specialized reintegration initiative within the Dutch Probation Service focused on individuals convicted or suspected of involvement in terrorism.
December 16, 2021

Handbook on the Management of Violent Extremist Prisoners and the Prevention of Radicalisation to Violence in Prisons

The focus of this Handbook is on adult male and female violent extremist prisoners. The specific issue of children alleged as, accused of, or recognized as having committed violent extremist offences will be dealt with in a separate UNODC publication, recognizing the different legal regime applicable to children deprived of their liberty. Collective disengagement from violent extremism is also not covered in this Handbook, as its focus is on the individual prisoner and interventions aimed at individual disengagement from violence.
December 16, 2021

Extremism Research Forum: Macedonia

The report thematically presents the levels, forms, and threats of extremism in Macedonia by outlining the definitional variances between violent and non-violent extremism, the waves of Islamist extremism, the phenomenon of foreign fighters, and burgeoning nationalist extremism and its political undertones.
December 16, 2021

Countering Violent Extremism in Prisons

This paper provides an overview of some of the most important research findings that have emerged on prison and violent extremism in recent years. Drawing on this research, the article synthesises and assesses the dominating themes and views in the literature. The paper also identifies a number of significant knowledge gaps that deserve further scholarly attention.
December 16, 2021

Rehabilitation Work with Convicted Offenders Outside of Prison

This paper builds on lessons learned in the EU context, and it is useful for first-line practitioners providing probation and community sanctions and measures (CSMs) services, as well as exit workers and community.
December 15, 2021

Prison and Probation Interventions

This complex situation is reflected in prison and probation environments: practitioners have a responsibility to keep prisons – and the public domain – safe from terrorist activity, and must also deal with individuals at risk of radicalisation. Based on practitioners’ experiences collated in the P&P Practitioners' Working Paper ( 2 ), RAN P&P has developed an approach to prison and probation interventions.
December 15, 2021

Revisiting the Notion of Prison as a Breeding Ground for Radicalisation

This ex post highlights these issues and the outcomes of the meeting’s discussions will also feed into enhancing the RAN P&P Practitioners’ Paper, third edition (to be expected early 2019).
December 15, 2021

The Role of Religion in Exit Programmes and Religious Counselling in Prison and Probation Settings

This paper will focus on: 1. Target groups; 2. Existing good practices in Member States; 3. Reintegration into society. It aims to provide guidelines for those practitioners who are working with or considering involving religion in these settings, as well as obstacles and difficulties this might entail.
December 15, 2021

Exit Programmes and Interventions in Prison and Probation

This ex-post paper reflects the main points discussed during the meeting: 1. What is a programme/project/intervention? 2. What distinguishes an exit programme and intervention from other general and specific programmes and interventions? 3. How do we do exit work after release or in probation? 4. How do we evaluate success of exit programmes with extremist offenders?
December 14, 2021

National Hubs Supporting Local Actors in P/CVE

Setting the course from a local perspective this paper will aim at identifying different models of how nationallevel actors can support local actors in their P/CVE efforts. Based on an exploration of practical work and existing cases, this paper will provide an overview of different good practices, models and/or approaches of national hubs supporting local P/CVE actors in Europe. In doing so, the paper will give a structured compilation of the different needs, lessons learned and experiences from existing models of national support hubs.
December 14, 2021

Radicalised and Terrorist Offenders Released From Prison: Community and family acceptance

This paper summarises and aims to disseminate existing findings, and adds to the literature by pinpointing and elaborating more in depth on specific issues and by establishing links to the broader literature on rehabilitation and reintegration
December 14, 2021

Kosovo’ s Response to Returnee from the WarZones

This report seeks to address a gap in the existing literature pertaining to the approaches of Kosovo in supporting rehabilitation/deradicalization as well as reintegration of the returnees. By focusing on institutional and policy infrastructure, this report sheds light into the relevance of having a holistic (government + non-government +community), coherent and coordinated response to meet the needs of the returnees and effectively address the challenges for their social and economic reintegration, as well as ideological disengagement.
December 14, 2021

Preventing Radicalisation in Prisons

The following is a summary of proceedings setting out some of the key issues that emerged during the wide-ranging discussion, looking at some of the international practice that was shared during the meeting and concluding with some practical recommendations for future action.
December 14, 2021

Returning to Extremism

The goal of this paper is to review and integrate the currently existing literature with practitioners’ experiences on the topic of terrorist reengagement in the European context.
December 14, 2021

Non-custodial Rehabilitation and Reintegration in P/CVE: A Guidebook

While recognizing the need to develop tailored, context- and conflict-sensitive approaches to the challenge, the guide identifies a series of principles that should underpin all non-custodial R&R efforts
December 13, 2021

Reintegration of Returining Foreign Fighters

Consequently, it is an immediate need for Kosovo to develop its own model based on local capacities and expertise, whlist taking into consideration specific cases and contexts. Rather, across the field there exists a conundrum of approaches to re-radicalisation that do not stem derive from a consultative and coordinated process.
December 13, 2021

The Role of Family and Social Networks in the Rehabilitation of (Violent) Extremist and Terrorist Offenders

RAN P&P explored the challenges in using family and social networks around (violent) extremist and terrorist (VE/T) offenders as a resource for rehabilitation.
December 10, 2021

Rehabilitation and Reintegration of Violent Extremist Offenders: Core Principles & Good Practices

By better understanding the radicalisation process and why people become terrorists it is possible to formulate the steps to take to counter dangerous violent extremist ideologies.
December 10, 2021

Challenges in Assessing the Effectiveness of De-radicalisation Programs

This article presents an overview of the results of a one-year pilot study of select de-radicalization programs and investigates critical issues surrounding assessment of their effectiveness and outcomes
December 9, 2021

Countering Jihadi Radicals and Foreign Fighters in the United States and France

These findings have important implications for policymakers. Understanding what responses have been formulated, and also why, can facilitate international cooperation and provide useful insights on the characteristics, strengths, as well as limits of U.S. and French approaches to Jihadi radicals and foreign fighters.
December 9, 2021

Risks, Radicalisation and Rehabilitation

The paper examines the risks and management of radicalised prisoners post-release.
December 7, 2021

Rome Memorandum

By better understanding the radicalization process and why people become terrorists, and more broadly, the underlying conditions conducive to terrorism, it is possible to formulate the steps to take to counter violent extremist ideologies.
December 7, 2021

Religion in prisons

A 50-State Survey of Prison Chaplains” presents a rare window into religion behind bars.
December 7, 2021

The challenge of resocialisation: Dealing with radicalised individuals in prison and probation

The paper has a special focus on radicalised individuals during and after imprisonment.
December 7, 2021

The Release and Community Supervision of Radicalised Offenders

This paper explores the challenges that correctional authorities encounter when dealing with the transition of offenders back into the community after the completionof terrorism-related sentences or after demonstrating extremist views or associations.
December 7, 2021

Danish and Swedish Prison and Probation Services’ Counter-Radicalization Strategies

This thesis identifies contemporary literature on radicalization, deradicalization, and violent extremism within a prison context. From this seven recurrent themes were identified: overcrowding, religious chaplains, sectioning, risk assessment, monitoring and supervision, rehabilitation programs and education of staff.
December 7, 2021

Responding to Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans

This report examines the drivers and mechanisms of Islamist and far-right radicalization and recruitment in the Western Balkans — specifically in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, North Macedonia, and Serbia.
December 7, 2021

Handbook for Prison and Probation Services Regarding Radicalisation and Violent Extremism

The Handbook is intended to be consistent with the Council of Europe values and standards, in particular, the European Prison Rules and the Council of Europe Probation Rules and it should be used in conjunction with these texts. National authorities should be aware that juveniles need special attention and different methods of intervention from adults. This takes into account their developing personality and specific needs.
December 7, 2021

Addressing Violent Extremism in Prisons and Probation

This policy brief focuses on a particular program, the Healthy Identity Intervention, which was specifically designed to prevent extremist offenders from reoffending and was based on general whatworks principles.
December 7, 2021

Rehabilitation for Foreign Fighters?

This Policy Brief aims to inform the current debate on integrating rehabilitation into the overall approach to foreign fighters by highlighting the challenges and opportunities within the criminal justice sector response to the phenomenon.
December 7, 2021

A Counter Terrorism Agenda for the EU

This new Counter-Terrorism Agenda, announced in the EU’s Security Union Strategy, brings together existing and new strands of work in a joined-up approach to combatting terrorism.
December 7, 2021

Threat from Returning Foreign Fighters in the Western Balkans

This report looks at key trends and developments related to the return of FFTs from the six Western Balkans jurisdictions and the capacity and possibilities for their disengagement, de-radicalization, rehabilitation, and reintegration.
December 2, 2021

Islamist Extremism in Bosnia and Herzegovina

BiH was a destination for hundreds of Muslim foreign fighters during the 92-95 war, who brought with them their belligerent interpretation of Islam. Years after, the country has an indigenous Salafi community , being a source of mujahideen.
December 2, 2021

Approaches to P/CVE in Prison and Probation

Adams, T. This paper presents the practitioners' perspective, aiming to be of value for other practitioners in the field. It provides an overview of the principal findings emerging in the context of radicalisation, focusing on the prison and probation settings.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK