Extremism (Single-issue)

December 16, 2021

Making Sense of Extremism in the Bosnian Football Terraces

This paper presents an initial assessment of the results of a four month research project studying the Ultras1 groups in BiH
December 16, 2021

Religion, Violence and Radical Environmentalism

Here, I scrutinize such charges by examining 18 years of radical environmentalism for evidence of violence and for indications of violent tendencies.
December 15, 2021

Incels: A First Scan of the Phenomenon (in the EU) and its Relevance and Challenges for P/CVE

This paper intends to demystify key tenets of the incel ideology and its relationship to violence, outline key challenges for practitioners in prevention and countering of violent extremism (P/CVE) in reaching this community, and offer recommendations for intervention providers and practitioners to increase and improve work related to this phenomenon.
December 15, 2021

The role of sports and leisure activities in preventing and countering violent extremism

. Cooperating with youth professionals and applying pedagogical methods can create opportunities for youngsters to work on the attitudes and life skills that make them resilient to ideological exploitation and the lure of extremist violence.
December 13, 2021

Animal Rights Extremism in the United Kingdom

Political violence undertaken in the name of animal rights has been ongoing for some 35 years in the United Kingdom and yet such activity is commonly termed extremism, not terrorism. Existing counterterrorism measures have not been utilized by the state against individuals and groups engaged in such violence. This article explores the criminal justice response to the various types of political violence, which have been claimed by groups like the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), the Animal Rights Militia, the Justice Department, and the Provisional ALF. Moreover, the article argues that terrorist laws do not have to be used to effectively tackle single-issue terrorism such as animal rights extremism where activists employ tactics more commonly associated with a terrorist campaign.
December 13, 2021

The Earth Liberation Front and Environmental Terrorism

Based on the analysis and data presented, it is clear that ELF poses a threat to research facilities involved in, or perceived to be involved in, virtually any form of biotech research. Given ELF’s preference for attacking facilities with little or no security, university labs are most clearly at risk.
December 13, 2021

Assessment of Violent Extremism in Serbia

This assessment dealt with the root causes and drivers of VE in Serbia. It identified four different types of extremism: a) religiously-motivated extremism, including foreign fighters in the Middle East; b) ideologically-motivated (right-wing) extremism, which included Serbian nationals traveling to fight for the pro-Russian side in Ukraine; c) ethnically-motivated extremism; and d) hooliganism. All four types recognized in this research are rooted, directly or indirectly, in the context cited above. We will here summarize all underlying factors and drivers shared by these seemingly distinct types of extremism.
December 9, 2021

Animal Rights Extremism and the Terrorism Question

Animal rights extremism is a complex phenomenon. Extremists have varying intentions and the range of violence they employ also varies considerably. A thorough grasp of extremists’ intentions and targets is required for informed analysis of the ethics of the phenomenon and to answer the terrorism question.
December 9, 2021

The Relation Between Extremism and Hooliganism

Measures for the prevention of hooliganism can be of value for P/CVE, and vice versa. However, extremists within hooligan and ultra groups constitute a specific group, calling for a tailor-made approach. Such made-tomeasure approaches for dealing with extremism among hooligans and ultras are still novel in Europe, and should receive more attention from both policymakers and P/CVE practitioners.
December 9, 2021

What can we learn from adjacent phenomena?

We looked at the similarities between the process of radicalisation and these adjacent phenomena. The aim is for local prevent coordinators to learn from these approaches – which might be equally applicable to P/CVE work.
December 9, 2021

The Terroristic Nature of Eco-Extremism

This Comment analyzes these extremist activities through the lens of federal terrorism laws and argues that, while these activists' goals are laudable,their methods are often terroristic. Consequently, those activities that go too far are-and should be-classified as terrorism.
December 7, 2021

Animal Rights Extremism

UK Ministry of Justice data and documents and police records are used to examine the crimes committed by SHAC (Stop Huntington Animal Cruelty) activists against Huntington Life Sciences, a company using animals for research.
December 7, 2021

Violence and Sport

The Belgrade Centre for Security Policy Research team analysed results of the implementation of the National Strategy for Combating Violence and Misconduct at Sports Events from 2013 to 2018.
December 7, 2021

Radicalisation in Bulgaria

The report provides policy makers and the expert community with a systematic overview of the main risks to which the Bulgarian society is exposed, as well as of the main actors and ideas, the repertoire of actions and the groups at risk associated with radicalisation.
December 7, 2021

Football Hooliganism, Islamophobia and the Rise of the English Defense League

This article charts the growth of the EDL and examines their motivations and ideologies. It assesses their links with football hooligan ‘firms’, and whether these links mean that the EDL has a large pool of violent ‘footsoldiers’ at its disposal.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK