social media and the relevance of the online space

December 17, 2021

Prevention of Radicalisation on Social Media and the Internet

This chapter focuses on the prevention of radicalization on social media and the internet in this digital age.
December 17, 2021

Online Extremism

The review concludes by considering the emergent literature on how violent extremism is being countered online, touching on both defensive and offensive measures.
December 17, 2021

Online Interventions for Reducing Hate Speech and Cyberhate

The goal of this systematic review is to use an integrated and interdisciplinary approach to examine the effectiveness of online campaigns and strategies for reducing hate speech and cyberhate.
December 17, 2021

Radicalisation in The Digital Era

This paper presents the results from exploratory primary research into the role of the internet in the radicalisation of 15 terrorists and extremists in the UK.
December 16, 2021

Lone Actors in Digital Environments

his paper aims to provide an overview of digital environments and draw insights from qualitative research and monitoring of RWE online subcultures that reveals a shift towards a post-organisational reality, whereby online structures and subcultural milieus could be equally important for inspiring violence as connections to groups in the physical world.
December 16, 2021

Making Sense of Extremism in the Bosnian Football Terraces

This paper presents an initial assessment of the results of a four month research project studying the Ultras1 groups in BiH
December 16, 2021

Far-Rigth Extremism: A practical Introduction

This factbook gives an overview of fundamental elements; it does not provide an allincluding in-depth study of all the FRE movements across the EU.
December 16, 2021

“Electronic Jihad”: The Internet as al-Qaeda’s Catalyst for Global Terror

This study will examine the evolving doctrine of ‘Electronic Jihad and its impact on the radicalization of Muslims in Western diaspora communities
December 16, 2021

The Gamification of Violent Extremism & Lessons for P/CVE

After providing a brief introduction to gamification as such, this paper provides an overview of the use of gamification within extremist communities and the mechanisms by which it makes propaganda more attractive. Then, the potential for gamification in the P/CVE context is considered.
December 16, 2021

Extremists’ Use of Gaming platforms

The first part of the paper discusses how traditional gaming (adjacent) platforms have contributed to extremist activities.
December 16, 2021

Hate and Counter-Voices in the Internet

The articles in this special issue focus on this spectrum, providing new insights into hate and counter-voices in online media.
December 15, 2021

Incels: A First Scan of the Phenomenon (in the EU) and its Relevance and Challenges for P/CVE

This paper intends to demystify key tenets of the incel ideology and its relationship to violence, outline key challenges for practitioners in prevention and countering of violent extremism (P/CVE) in reaching this community, and offer recommendations for intervention providers and practitioners to increase and improve work related to this phenomenon.
December 15, 2021

Violent Right Extremism in Focus

In order to tackle violent right-wing extremism, it is key to get a better understanding of the phenomenon. It encompasses a diverse range of different ideologies and narratives that coexist with more traditional right-wing extremist ideologies like national socialism and fascism
December 15, 2021

Galvanising Youth in Combatting Online Disinformation

he following conclusion paper presents the outcomes of this meeting. The challenges and experiences of young people, as well as the young people’s perspectives on opportunities and strategies to counter disinformation, can be found under ‘Highlights of the discussion’. The second part of this paper offers actionable recommendations for practitioners who want to engage young people in strategies for combatting disinformation online
December 14, 2021

Insights from Neurobiology on Influence and Extremism

These reports will provide the operational and policy communities with a deeper understanding of the unique behavioral and neurobiological factors that underlie political extremism, specifically in the cyber realm.
December 13, 2021

An Internet-Mediated Pathway for Online Radicalisation

This chapter proposes an Internet-mediated radicalisation model, RECRO.
December 13, 2021

Countering Violent Extremism: Literature Review

This report consists of a literature review and analysis of the existing research concerning ‘countering violent extremism’. This multifaceted report demonstrates the complexity of understanding Violent Extremism and best strategies to Countering Violent Extremism. This has been undertaken with the broader analysis of radicalisation and social cohesion theories, models and government policies and how they may impact on or contribute to best practice and policy in countering violent extremism.
December 13, 2021

Social Network Hate Speech

Author(s) Mossie, Z. & Wang, J.-2018 Abstract Social Network Hate Speech: Detection for Amharic Language  The anonymity of social networks makes it attractive for hate speech to mask their criminal activities online posing a challenge to the world and in particular Ethiopia. With this everincreasing volume of social media data, hate speech identification becomes a challenge in aggravating conflict between citizens of nations. The high rate of production, has become difficult to collect, store and […]
December 13, 2021

Cultural Drivers of Radicalisation: Kosovo

This report examines the use of media objects by the proponents of the Islamic State in Kosovo to trigger radicalization in the country by weaving in past political social grievances of discrimination and underrepresentation and evoking deep-seated traumas caused by the 1998-1999 war in Kosovo to conjure up a rallying cry of defiance to secular authorities and to the democratic order.
December 10, 2021

Countering the Myths of IS: How to Counter The IS Narrative Online

Based on a comprehensive analysis of the threats of extremist groups in social media, our research addresses three main narratives: (I) political narratives (ideological and against state institutions) (II) religious narratives (III) gender roles narratives. The report studies the Albanianlanguage propaganda purported by IS in a bid to target audiences in Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia, all three countries where Albanian is an official language.
December 10, 2021

Roots of Violent Radicalisation

Violent radicalisation is clearly a problem within the UK but it takes place within an international context and it is important for the UK authorities to be aware of developments elsewhere and to share information with partners abroad, both in respect of extremist Islamist organisations or movements, and in respect of extreme right-wing groups within Europe and America.
December 10, 2021

Exploring the Intersections of Technology, Crime, and Terror

Thus, this study examines the various definitions for physical and cyberterror and the ways that these activities intersect with cybercrime. In addition, the ways that terrorists and extremist groups use the Internet and CMCs to recruit individuals, spread misinformation, and gather intelligence on various targets are discussed. Finally, the uses of computer hacking tools and malware are explored as a way to better understand the relationship between cybercrime and terror
December 10, 2021

Political radicalisation on the Internet

Then we focused on radicalization to action by examining two cases where we know in some detail how Internet content contributed to moving individuals to active jihad.
December 10, 2021

RAND Program Evaluation Toolkit for CVE

This toolkit is based on RAND’s Getting To Outcomes® (GTO) approach, an evidencebased model designed to help community-based programs conduct self-evaluations. We specifically adapted this toolkit from the RAND Suicide Prevention Program Evaluation Toolkit.
December 9, 2021

Radicalisation of Diaspora Communities

This report looks at factors that can help to explain why diasporas may become radicalised and explores briefly efforts at deradicalisation. Diaspora identities are inherently hybrid, reflecting continued attachment or connection to the country of origin alongside adoption of elements from the host country. There can be a high level of diversity within the diaspora and within specific diaspora communities.
December 9, 2021

Terrorist Use of the Internet by the Numbers Quantifying Behaviors, Patterns, and Processes

By using a unique data set of 223 convicted United Kingdom–based terrorists, this article focuses on how they used the Internet in the commission of their crimes.
December 7, 2021

Hate Online

These findings suggest that the Internet may be an especially powerful tool for extremists as a means of reaching an international audience, recruiting members, linking diverse extremist groups, and allowing maximum image control.
December 7, 2021

Post-Digital Cultures of the Far Righ

Web 2.0 and the proliferation of social media enable user-generated content to be shared instantly via networks that record their own searchable archives. This advent has accelerated and deepened the effective reach of activists and organizations from across the political spectrum.
December 7, 2021

Mutual radicalisation of opposing extremist groups via the Internet

Our findings show that online hate from far-right groups both precedes offline violence from these same groups, and spikes following offline violence from opposing Islamic extremist groups.
December 7, 2021

Countering Extremists on Social Media

This special issue focuses on one form of strategic communication, countering violent extremism. In this editorial we discuss the background and effectiveness of this approach, and introduce five articles which develop multiple strands of research into responses and solutions to extremist exploitation of social media
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK