Online Radicalisation

December 17, 2021

Strategy on Prevention of Violent Extremism and Radicalisation Leading to Terrorism

Strategic objectives determined under this strategic document aims to address the push and pull factors that influence the radicalization of the population, with special emphasis on the youth.
December 17, 2021

Prevention of Radicalisation on Social Media and the Internet

This chapter focuses on the prevention of radicalization on social media and the internet in this digital age.
December 17, 2021

Online Extremism

The review concludes by considering the emergent literature on how violent extremism is being countered online, touching on both defensive and offensive measures.
December 17, 2021

Radicalisation in The Digital Era

This paper presents the results from exploratory primary research into the role of the internet in the radicalisation of 15 terrorists and extremists in the UK.
December 16, 2021

Lone Actors in Digital Environments

his paper aims to provide an overview of digital environments and draw insights from qualitative research and monitoring of RWE online subcultures that reveals a shift towards a post-organisational reality, whereby online structures and subcultural milieus could be equally important for inspiring violence as connections to groups in the physical world.
December 16, 2021

Far-Rigth Extremism: A practical Introduction

This factbook gives an overview of fundamental elements; it does not provide an allincluding in-depth study of all the FRE movements across the EU.
December 16, 2021

“Electronic Jihad”: The Internet as al-Qaeda’s Catalyst for Global Terror

This study will examine the evolving doctrine of ‘Electronic Jihad and its impact on the radicalization of Muslims in Western diaspora communities
December 16, 2021

Islamist Extremism: A Practical Introduction

This factbook provides an overview of the fundamental elements of violent Islamist extremism to enable recognition of its symbols, vocabulary, recruitment tactics and narratives used in various settings, including online, in our schools, local communities, or prisons. There are multiple manifestations of violent Islamist extremism across the EU. Because of the national and local variations, it is impossible to provide an all-including in-depth study of the phenomenon. This factbook focuses specifically on Salafi-jihadism.
December 15, 2021

Video Gaming: Threats and Opportunities

This paper first discusses the threats regarding grooming tactics on video gaming and video gaming adjacent platforms by providing background information on different models of grooming that were shared during the meeting. The similarities and differences found between grooming for radicalisation purposes and other purposes (in particular, child sexual abuse and cults) are discussed. T
December 15, 2021

Violent Right Extremism in Focus

In order to tackle violent right-wing extremism, it is key to get a better understanding of the phenomenon. It encompasses a diverse range of different ideologies and narratives that coexist with more traditional right-wing extremist ideologies like national socialism and fascism
December 15, 2021

Delivering Counter and Alternative Narratives

The overall objectives of delivering CN or AN are likely to be uniform across actors: to deter individual(s) or group(s) from violent extremism through supporting alternatives or challenging narratives. More specific goals will vary according to different actors’ positions in society.
December 14, 2021

Insights from Neurobiology on Influence and Extremism

These reports will provide the operational and policy communities with a deeper understanding of the unique behavioral and neurobiological factors that underlie political extremism, specifically in the cyber realm.
December 13, 2021

An Internet-Mediated Pathway for Online Radicalisation

This chapter proposes an Internet-mediated radicalisation model, RECRO.
December 13, 2021

Cultural Drivers of Radicalisation: Kosovo

This report examines the use of media objects by the proponents of the Islamic State in Kosovo to trigger radicalization in the country by weaving in past political social grievances of discrimination and underrepresentation and evoking deep-seated traumas caused by the 1998-1999 war in Kosovo to conjure up a rallying cry of defiance to secular authorities and to the democratic order.
December 10, 2021

Countering the Myths of IS: How to Counter The IS Narrative Online

Based on a comprehensive analysis of the threats of extremist groups in social media, our research addresses three main narratives: (I) political narratives (ideological and against state institutions) (II) religious narratives (III) gender roles narratives. The report studies the Albanianlanguage propaganda purported by IS in a bid to target audiences in Kosovo, Albania and Macedonia, all three countries where Albanian is an official language.
December 10, 2021

Exploring the Intersections of Technology, Crime, and Terror

Thus, this study examines the various definitions for physical and cyberterror and the ways that these activities intersect with cybercrime. In addition, the ways that terrorists and extremist groups use the Internet and CMCs to recruit individuals, spread misinformation, and gather intelligence on various targets are discussed. Finally, the uses of computer hacking tools and malware are explored as a way to better understand the relationship between cybercrime and terror
December 10, 2021

Political radicalisation on the Internet

Then we focused on radicalization to action by examining two cases where we know in some detail how Internet content contributed to moving individuals to active jihad.
December 9, 2021

Exposure to Extremist Online Content Could Lead to Violent Radicalization

The reviewed studies provide tentative evidence that exposure to radical violent online material is associated with extremist online and offline attitudes, as well as the risk of committing political violence among white supremacist, neo-Nazi, and radical Islamist groups.
December 9, 2021

Terrorist Use of the Internet by the Numbers Quantifying Behaviors, Patterns, and Processes

By using a unique data set of 223 convicted United Kingdom–based terrorists, this article focuses on how they used the Internet in the commission of their crimes.
December 7, 2021

Hate Online

These findings suggest that the Internet may be an especially powerful tool for extremists as a means of reaching an international audience, recruiting members, linking diverse extremist groups, and allowing maximum image control.
December 7, 2021

Social Network and sentiment annalysis to explore online radicalisation

In this paper we presented an analysis of online social network content in the context of jihadi radicalisation
December 7, 2021

Hate Speech and Radicalisation Online

The report examines the tactics of Islamist and right-wing extremist groups online, the effects of disinformation, social media search algorithims on political polarisation and radicalisation.
December 7, 2021

Jihadism and Far-Right Extremism

The article suggests that no radicalisation process occurs in complete isolation. On the contrary, individuals are radicalised through online (and offline) socialisation, be it continuous and long-lasting or irregular and erratic.
December 7, 2021

Countering Illegal Speech Online

This paper reviews the freedom of expression implications of the Code of Conduct for Countering Illegal Hate Speech Online that was developed by the European Commission.
December 7, 2021

Cultural Drives to Radicalisation in Slovenia

The purpose of this report is to investigate a specific contemporary political and media discourse in Slovenia, with a focus on migration and race issues.
December 7, 2021

Jihadi video & Auto-radicalisation

This exploratory study analyses the online supporters of jihad-promoting video content on YouTube, focusing on those posting and commenting upon martyr-promoting material from Iraq.
December 7, 2021

Right-wing Extremists Persistent online presence

This policy brief traces how Western right-wing extremists have exploited the power of the internet from early dial-up bulletin board systems to contemporary social media and messaging apps.
December 7, 2021

Pathways to Violent Extremism in the Digital Era

The core argument of this study is that governments and the academic community have focused on the content (of the Internet and radicalisation), rather than a person’s individual experience online. This needs to change.
December 7, 2021

Countering Terrorist Content Online

The continued presence of terrorist content on the web is a risk to citizens and to society at large. Its potential for causing harm is made worse by the speed with which it spreads across platforms. Terrorist content online has played a role in the attacks which have taken place on European soil.
December 7, 2021

Social media interactions, online radicalisation and Conversation Analysis

This paper aims to fill this gap in violent radicalisation research. It propuses to use Conversational Annalysis for the examination of the interactions occuring between extremist and potential recruiters on social media platforms.
December 7, 2021

Far-right extremists’ use of humour

Humour has become a central weapon of extremist movements to subvert open societies and to lower the threshold towards violence. Especially within the context of a recent wave of far-right terrorist attacks, we witness “playful” ways in communicating racist ideologies.
December 7, 2021

Post-Digital Cultures of the Far Righ

Web 2.0 and the proliferation of social media enable user-generated content to be shared instantly via networks that record their own searchable archives. This advent has accelerated and deepened the effective reach of activists and organizations from across the political spectrum.
December 7, 2021

Mutual radicalisation of opposing extremist groups via the Internet

Our findings show that online hate from far-right groups both precedes offline violence from these same groups, and spikes following offline violence from opposing Islamic extremist groups.
December 7, 2021

Countering Extremists on Social Media

This special issue focuses on one form of strategic communication, countering violent extremism. In this editorial we discuss the background and effectiveness of this approach, and introduce five articles which develop multiple strands of research into responses and solutions to extremist exploitation of social media
December 2, 2021

Challenging Online Radicalisation

Current counter-radicalisation strategy will be reviewed, and the scope for translational implications, such as the use of counternarratives, will be explored.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK