legislation

December 20, 2021

National Strategy for the Prevention and Countering of Terrorism: Serbia

The Strategy is based on principles and values enshrined in the Constitution, and is harmonized with valid legislation of the Republic of Serbia. The purpose and objectives of the Strategy are harmonized with the basic strategic documents in the Republic of Serbia in the field of security and countering of terrorism, in particular with the National Security Strategy of the Republic of Serbia.
December 20, 2021

Countering Violent Extremism Strategy: Montenegro

The Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Strategy has been developed as part of the Government of Montenegro’s effort to effectively address the problems of radicalization and violent extremism. It represents an integral part of the Government of Montenegro’s multifaceted contribution to the global fight against terrorism in all forms and manifestations. It builds on and complements the national Strategy for the Prevention and Supression of Terrorism, Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing. It represents a response to the threat of radicalization to violence, violent extremism and in particular the problem of foreign terrorist fighters.
December 17, 2021

Joint Action Plan on Counter-Terrorism for the Western Balkans

To this effect, this Joint Action Plan outlines a concrete level of ambition and focus common to all Western Balkans partners, as well as related EU support in the area of Counter-Terrorism, including Preventing and Countering of Violent Extremism.
December 17, 2021

Integrated Country Strategy: Macedonia

We intend to build on these strengths and invest resources and political capital in the relationship
December 17, 2021

Albanian National Strategy Countering Violent Extremism

This Strategy will enable the Albanian government to devise guiding principles, policies, and actions to address radicalization and violent extremism. With the end goal of creating a prosperous and inclusive environment for citizens, this Strategy will also cultivate a culture of respect for fundamental freedoms throughout the country.
December 17, 2021

Albania 2017- Decision on the Creation of the Center of Coordination in Countering Violent Extremism

Albania 2017 Council of Ministers Decision on the Creation of the Center of Coordination in Countering Violent Extremism (CVE Center)
December 16, 2021

Journey to Extremism in Africa

The Journey to Extremism in Africa report represents a major output of UNDP Africa’s Preventing and Responding to Violent Extremism in Africa programme, which has set out since 2015 to provide leadership and support to national and regional partners in delivering development-focused and effective responses to the expanding crises associated with violent extremism across the continent.
December 16, 2021

Country Report: Bosnia and Herzegovina

This Country Report offers a detailed assessment of religious diversity and violent religious radicalisation in the above-named state. It is part of a series covering 23 countries (listed below) on four continents. More basic information about religious affiliation and state-religion relations in these states is available in our Country Profiles series. This report was produced by GREASE, an EU-funded research project investigating religious diversity, secularism and religiously inspired radicalisation.
December 16, 2021

From Terrorism to ‘Radicalisation’ to ‘Extremism

This article argues that the discourses of radicalization and, more lately, of extremism have served to confuse the remit of counterterrorism.
December 14, 2021

Violent Extremism: Definition and Terminology

This guide is an effort by the Kosovo Center for Security Studies (KCSS) to address, in cooperation with Kosovo media, the absence of a compendium of the terminology and practices, in order to properly respond to the need for more accurate and substantive surveys and reporting on the phenomenon of violent extremism in Kosovo. This guide is a product of KCCS’s research and of the longstanding experience of its researchers on recognizing and studying violent extremism and its origin in Kosovo, compiled with the support of the US Department of State and the US Embassy in Kosovo and through broad consultations with Kosovo media news desks, editors, journalists and local reporters from municipalities and the capital.
December 14, 2021

Kosovo’ s Response to Returnee from the WarZones

This report seeks to address a gap in the existing literature pertaining to the approaches of Kosovo in supporting rehabilitation/deradicalization as well as reintegration of the returnees. By focusing on institutional and policy infrastructure, this report sheds light into the relevance of having a holistic (government + non-government +community), coherent and coordinated response to meet the needs of the returnees and effectively address the challenges for their social and economic reintegration, as well as ideological disengagement.
December 14, 2021

Non-custodial Rehabilitation and Reintegration in P/CVE: A Guidebook

While recognizing the need to develop tailored, context- and conflict-sensitive approaches to the challenge, the guide identifies a series of principles that should underpin all non-custodial R&R efforts
December 13, 2021

Animal Rights Extremism in the United Kingdom

Political violence undertaken in the name of animal rights has been ongoing for some 35 years in the United Kingdom and yet such activity is commonly termed extremism, not terrorism. Existing counterterrorism measures have not been utilized by the state against individuals and groups engaged in such violence. This article explores the criminal justice response to the various types of political violence, which have been claimed by groups like the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), the Animal Rights Militia, the Justice Department, and the Provisional ALF. Moreover, the article argues that terrorist laws do not have to be used to effectively tackle single-issue terrorism such as animal rights extremism where activists employ tactics more commonly associated with a terrorist campaign.
December 10, 2021

Roots of Violent Radicalisation

Violent radicalisation is clearly a problem within the UK but it takes place within an international context and it is important for the UK authorities to be aware of developments elsewhere and to share information with partners abroad, both in respect of extremist Islamist organisations or movements, and in respect of extreme right-wing groups within Europe and America.
December 9, 2021

Countering Jihadi Radicals and Foreign Fighters in the United States and France

These findings have important implications for policymakers. Understanding what responses have been formulated, and also why, can facilitate international cooperation and provide useful insights on the characteristics, strengths, as well as limits of U.S. and French approaches to Jihadi radicals and foreign fighters.
December 9, 2021

Comparing Theories of Radicalisation with Countering Violent Extremism Policy

This article assesses whether the scholarly literature on radicalisation is adequately integrated into national policy strategies for countering violent extremism (CVE)
December 9, 2021

Animal Rights Extremism and the Terrorism Question

Animal rights extremism is a complex phenomenon. Extremists have varying intentions and the range of violence they employ also varies considerably. A thorough grasp of extremists’ intentions and targets is required for informed analysis of the ethics of the phenomenon and to answer the terrorism question.
December 9, 2021

The Terroristic Nature of Eco-Extremism

This Comment analyzes these extremist activities through the lens of federal terrorism laws and argues that, while these activists' goals are laudable,their methods are often terroristic. Consequently, those activities that go too far are-and should be-classified as terrorism.
December 9, 2021

Defining terrorism : one size fits all?

In this article I outline the wide-ranging difficulties with both the current definition as it stands and the notion of a single definition for terrorism that can be applied across multiple, highly varied, legal contexts.
December 7, 2021

The Rabat Memorandum

In articulating these good practices, the Working Group recognizes that the primary objective of any effective criminal justice response to terrorism is to prevent terrorist incidents before they produce large-scale casualties or similar devastating results, while fully respecting applicable international law and promoting the rule of law
December 7, 2021

Criminalization as Anxious and Ineffective Response to Foreign Fighters Phenomenon

I argue that this broader criminal law approach is difficult to justify from either preventive or reactive perspectives. It is, in fact, an anxious and ineffective response to foreign fighters phenomenon.
December 7, 2021

Hate Speech and Radicalisation Online

The report examines the tactics of Islamist and right-wing extremist groups online, the effects of disinformation, social media search algorithims on political polarisation and radicalisation.
December 7, 2021

Marginalisation and Radicalisation in Montenegro

Indeed, as was found across this study, participants in Montenegro consistently emphasised the need for a more interdisciplinary approach to P/CVE.
December 7, 2021

Violence and Sport

The Belgrade Centre for Security Policy Research team analysed results of the implementation of the National Strategy for Combating Violence and Misconduct at Sports Events from 2013 to 2018.
December 7, 2021

Western Balkans counter terrorism initiatives

This article argues that the Western Balkans Counterterrorism Initiative), originally a Slovenian proposal, represents an efficient form of regional security cooperation, particularly when regional EU integration is considered.
December 7, 2021

The European Agenda On Security

To meet this objective, this European Agenda on Security sets out how the Union can bring added value to support the Member States in ensuring security.
December 7, 2021

A Counter Terrorism Agenda for the EU

This new Counter-Terrorism Agenda, announced in the EU’s Security Union Strategy, brings together existing and new strands of work in a joined-up approach to combatting terrorism.
December 7, 2021

European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report

The EU Terrorism Situation and Trend Report 2021 provides figures on terrorist attacks and terrorism-related arrests in the European Union (EU) in 2020. It is based predominantly on information officially contributed to Europol by EU Member States.
HOPE RADICALISATION NETWORK