United Kingdom

December 17, 2021

Counter-Speech Practices in Europe

We conclude with a brief summary, suggestions as to how this comparative framework could be expanded for future use, and a set of five recommendations for counter-speech activists and practitioners.
December 17, 2021

Radicalisation in The Digital Era

This paper presents the results from exploratory primary research into the role of the internet in the radicalisation of 15 terrorists and extremists in the UK.
December 17, 2021

Countering Radicalisation in Europe

The report seeks to highlight challenges common to the four countries examined. From the onset, European authorities have struggled to identify the target of their actions. Most recently, authorities throughout the continent seem to have shifted their focus from the broader phenomenon of extremism to the narrower subcategory of violent radicalization.
December 16, 2021

Countering Violent Extremism in Prisons

This paper provides an overview of some of the most important research findings that have emerged on prison and violent extremism in recent years. Drawing on this research, the article synthesises and assesses the dominating themes and views in the literature. The paper also identifies a number of significant knowledge gaps that deserve further scholarly attention.
December 16, 2021

From Terrorism to ‘Radicalisation’ to ‘Extremism

This article argues that the discourses of radicalization and, more lately, of extremism have served to confuse the remit of counterterrorism.
December 13, 2021

Managing Terrorist and Extremist Offenders in the Community

This Probation Instruction aims to ensure that those offenders who have committed offences of terrorism, included in Schedule 15, or terrorism related offences or whose offences are linked to other forms of extremism, or who are vulnerable to engagement in forms of extremism are correctly identified, assessed and managed within offender management and, where appropriate, under MAPPA.
December 13, 2021

Animal Rights Extremism in the United Kingdom

Political violence undertaken in the name of animal rights has been ongoing for some 35 years in the United Kingdom and yet such activity is commonly termed extremism, not terrorism. Existing counterterrorism measures have not been utilized by the state against individuals and groups engaged in such violence. This article explores the criminal justice response to the various types of political violence, which have been claimed by groups like the Animal Liberation Front (ALF), the Animal Rights Militia, the Justice Department, and the Provisional ALF. Moreover, the article argues that terrorist laws do not have to be used to effectively tackle single-issue terrorism such as animal rights extremism where activists employ tactics more commonly associated with a terrorist campaign.
December 13, 2021

The Development of Structured Guidelines for Assessing Risk in Extremist Offenders

This paper describes how the methodology was developed to be clinically sensitive, empirically grounded and ethically defensible.
December 10, 2021

Roots of Violent Radicalisation

Violent radicalisation is clearly a problem within the UK but it takes place within an international context and it is important for the UK authorities to be aware of developments elsewhere and to share information with partners abroad, both in respect of extremist Islamist organisations or movements, and in respect of extreme right-wing groups within Europe and America.
December 9, 2021

Terrorist Use of the Internet by the Numbers Quantifying Behaviors, Patterns, and Processes

By using a unique data set of 223 convicted United Kingdom–based terrorists, this article focuses on how they used the Internet in the commission of their crimes.
December 9, 2021

Defining terrorism : one size fits all?

In this article I outline the wide-ranging difficulties with both the current definition as it stands and the notion of a single definition for terrorism that can be applied across multiple, highly varied, legal contexts.
December 7, 2021

Addressing Violent Extremism in Prisons and Probation

This policy brief focuses on a particular program, the Healthy Identity Intervention, which was specifically designed to prevent extremist offenders from reoffending and was based on general whatworks principles.
December 7, 2021

Animal Rights Extremism

UK Ministry of Justice data and documents and police records are used to examine the crimes committed by SHAC (Stop Huntington Animal Cruelty) activists against Huntington Life Sciences, a company using animals for research.