Vrugtman, L. , Kelmendi, S., Shehu, R. & Angjeli, D.-2021
More than six years have passed since the departure of at least 144 Albanian citizens to Iraq and Syria. While the acute threat has been averted due to the strengthening of the legal framework, building of P/CVE capacities, and implementation of the National CVE Strategy and accompanying Action Plan, violent extremism remains present in Albania. Following a first baseline assessment in 2015 and a subsequent national assessment of drivers, forms, and threats of violent extremism in Albania conducted in 2018, this study assesses the state of affairs following six years of P/CVE actions, and the salience of drivers and other related factors that feed into or enable violent extremism. Substantial improvements in several of the measured drivers of violent extremism are observed, such as the respecting of citizens’ rights and freedoms, institutions operating in an abuse-free manner, good job opportunities for well-educated Albanians, the number of people accepting illegal economic activity has decreased, and the support for whether to allow inciting of or engagement in armed conflicts abroad has decreased.